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Website: Fatwa Online

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Always looking for fatwas*?

[*That could sort of be translated into “religious edict”, I suppose.]

Well, here is a good site that has some important ones:

This site has loads of other stuff as well. There are some very nice biographies of the scholars, lectures, nice stuff for Arabic learners, etc.

Oh and they also have a link to a site of an Islamic institute that happens to be in the……..Himalayas, subhan Allah.

For all our Nepalese brothers and sisters:

[Note: It seems that they are in need of financial help. Whoever can contribute should try to do so, insha-Allah. At the very least, please try to inform others who might be able to help them.]


A Day in Your Life – No. 2: What to do after you say the dhikr for waking up…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Right then. After having recited the required dhikr (remembrance), you’re wide awake.

[Note: There are more adhkar that you can recite, apart from the aforementioned one.]

Is it time for the coffee now?

Of course not.

Now you head to the bathroom (or whatever you call it at your end of the world).

Now, what did  the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) do before he entered the bathroom?

كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا دخل الخلاء قال : اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الخبث والخبائث

Narrated Anas: Whenever the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) went to answer the call of nature, he used to say, “Allah-umma inni audhu bika minal khubuthi wal khabaith i.e. O Allah, I seek Refuge with You from all offensive and wicked things (evil deeds and evil spirits).[Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No.1, Hadeeth No. 144]

So, the dhikr is:

[Yes, you can say bismillah before this dua. That’s mentioned in another narration.]

[Note to those who can’t read Arabic: All the transliterations can be found in this book.]

Then, you enter with your left foot.

So, here you are. Now what?

Erm, well, now you can do whatever it is that you do in the bathroom…

After you finish doing whatever it is you were going (and I really hope that brushing your teeth was part of the agenda), you do wudhu (ablution).


Well, I’m assuming that the time is either:

a) Fajr


b) Before Fajr

If it’s after Fajr, then it means that you missed Fajr.

And that’s a no-no.

So, if it’s Fajr time, you need to do wudhu so that you can pray Fajr. If it’s before that, there’s time to pray some rakaahs (units) of tahajjud.

So, you do wudhu the prophetic way.

What’s the “prophetic way” of doing wudhu?

Well, that’s for part 3, insha-Allah….


Lecture Series: Tips on how to learn Quranic Arabic quickly and easily

Assalamu Alaikum.

A little over 4 months to go before Ramadan starts.

We do want to understand the Taraweeh prayers this year, right?

Of course we do.

So, for those who had promised themselves that they were going to learn some Arabic before Ramadan, here’s a lecture series that provides some practical tips:

Tips on how to learn Quranic Arabic quickly and easily by Brother Mamdouh Mohamed

Part 1 (Download)

Part 2 (Download)

Part 3 (Download)

Part 4 (Download)

[When I heard this lecture series years ago, Brother Mamdouh lived somewhere in the West.

Now he lives in…Dubai. He gives lectures from time to time at the Jumeirah Islamic Learning Centre.]


How to get the mercy of the Most Merciful…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

How, you ask?

Tres facile:

الراحمون يرحمهم الرحمن ، ارحموا أهل الأرض يرحمكم من في السماء

It was narrated from Abdullah ibn Amr (radiallahu anhu) and he attributed it to the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam): “Those who show mercy will be shown mercy by the Most Merciful. Show mercy to those who are on earth and the One who is above the heaven will show mercy to you.” [Sunan Abee Dawood. Hadeeth No. 4941. Al-Albani graded it “sahih” in Sahih Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 4941.]

What we learn from this hadeeth:

1) What goes around comes around. Let’s try to remember that the next time we scold someone for their mistakes.

2) Reading the translation is nothing like reading the Arabic itself (especially with this hadeeth).

3) Allah is not “everywhere”, as many Muslims seem to think, rather He is above the heavens.

And this hadeeth isn’t the only proof for this. There are so many other proofs. [Want a post dedicated to this, insha-Allah? Just say the word.]

4) The mercy of Allah is vast.

So, let’s be soft-hearted and not be hard-hearted.


How to make a fresh start – Part 3

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here are Parts 1 and 2.]

10) Our companionship can make or break us.

The scholar asked the murderer to leave his evil land and go to a land where there were pious people.

So one of the reasons for his evil actions was due to the place that he was in and the type of people that he was surrounded by.

So, if we want to make a fresh start, we need to take a look at the people around us. What are they like? Do they enjoin us to good… or to evil?

There are many Quranic ayaat about the importance of having righteous companions.

Look at what the people of hellfire will say when asked why they were put into hell:

مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِي سَقَرَ

قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ

وَلَمْ نَكُ نُطْعِمُ الْمِسْكِينَ

وَكُنَّا نَخُوضُ مَعَ الْخَائِضِينَ

وَكُنَّا نُكَذِّبُ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ

حَتَّىٰ أَتَانَا الْيَقِينُ

“What has caused you to enter Hell?”

“They will say: “We were not of those who used to offer their Salah (prayers). Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers. And we used to belie the Day of Recompense. Until there came to us (the death) that is certain.” [Surah Al-Muddaththir (74) : 42-47]

One of the reasons was because they were too busy mooching around with vain talkers.

Here’s another ayah that informs us of the disbeliever’s regret on the Last Day:

وَيَوْمَ يَعَضُّ الظَّالِمُ عَلَىٰ يَدَيْهِ يَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي اتَّخَذْتُ مَعَ الرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا

يَا وَيْلَتَىٰ لَيْتَنِي لَمْ أَتَّخِذْ فُلَانًا خَلِيلًا

لَقَدْ أَضَلَّنِي عَنِ الذِّكْرِ بَعْدَ إِذْ جَاءَنِي ۗ وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ خَذُولًا

“And (remember) the Day when the dhaalim (wrong-doer, oppressor, polytheist, etc.) will bite at his hands, he will say: “Oh! Would that I had taken a path with the Messenger (Muhammad). Ah! Woe to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a friend! He indeed led me astray from the Reminder (this Quran) after it had come to me. And Shaitan (Satan) is ever a deserter to man in the hour of need.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 27-29]

Allah advises us in the Quran to be around those who are obedient to Him:

وَاصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ ۖ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَنْ ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا

“And keep yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord (i.e. your companions who remember their Lord with glorification, praising in prayers, etc., and other righteous deeds, etc.) morning and afternoon, seeking His Face, and let not your eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp and glitter of the life of the world; and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our Remembrance, one who follows his own lusts and whose affair (deeds) has been lost.” [Surah Al-Kahf (18) : 28]

لَا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّـهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوَانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ كَتَبَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَأَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِنْهُ ۖ وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ رَضِيَ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ حِزْبُ اللَّـهِ ۚ أَلَا إِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّـهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

“You (O Muhammad) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people). For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Rooh (proofs, light and true guidance) from Himself. And We will admit them to Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). Allah is pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Verily, it is the Party of Allah that will be the successful.” [Surah Al-Mujadilah (58) : 22]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ

“O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).” [Surah At-Tawbah (9) : 119]

There are also many ahadeeth about taking righteous people as friends:

لا تصاحب إلا مؤمنا ، ولا يأكل طعامك إلا تقي

Abu Saeed (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Do not accompany except a believer, and do not let anyone eat your food but one of taqwa (piety).” [Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 4832. Graded “hasan” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 4832.]

مثل الجليس الصالح والسوء ، كحامل المسك ونافخ الكير ، فحامل المسك : إما أن يحذيك ، وإما أن تبتاع منه ، وإما أن تجد منه ريحا طيبة ، ونافخ الكير : إما أن يحرق ثيابك ، وإما أن تجد ريحا خبيثة

Narrated Abu Musa (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said, ‘The example of a good pious companion and an evil one is that of a person carrying musk and another blowing a pair of bellows. The one who is carrying musk will either give you some perfume as a present, or you will buy some from him, or you will get a good smell from him, but the one who is blowing a pair of bellows will either burn your clothes or you will get a bad smell from him.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 7, Hadeeth No. 442]

Ultimately, we are whom we befriend:

الرجل على دين خليله فلينظر أحدكم من يخالل

Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “A man follows the religion of his close friend, so let one of you look at whom he takes as his close friend.” [Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 4833. Graded “hasan” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 4833.]

So, let us all look around and see what kind of people we befriend because they represent who we truly are, and those are the kind of people we will be with in the hereafter as well.

جاء رجل إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : يا رسول الله ! متى الساعة ؟ قال ” وما أعددت للساعة ؟ ” قال : حب الله ورسوله . قال ” فإنك مع من أحببت ” . قال أنس : فما فرحنا بعد الإسلام ، فرحا أشد من قول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ” فإنك مع من أحببت ” . قال أنس : فأنا أحب الله ورسوله . وأبا بكر وعمر . فأرجو أن أكون معهم . وإن لم أعمل بأعمالهم

Anas ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu) reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) and said to Allah’s Messenger: When would be the Last Hour? Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: What preparation have you made for the Last Hour? He said: The love of Allah and of His Messenger (is my only preparation).* Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: You would be along with one whom you love. Anas said: Nothing pleased us more after accepting Islam than the words of Allah’s Messenger: You would be along with one whom you love. And Anas said: I love Allah and His Messenger and Abu Bakr and Umar, and I hope that I would be along with them although I have not acted like them. [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 6380]

[*Another narration states “significant preparation” which implies that he fulfilled his obligatory duties.]

To be continued…


Seriously Short Reminder No. 15: Make things easy for people…

Assalamu Alaikum.

…. and don’t make things difficult.

أن أبا هريرة قال : قام أعرابي فبال في المسجد ، فتناوله الناس ، فقال لهم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : دعوه وهريقوا على بوله سجلا من ماء ، أو ذنوبا من ماء ، فإنما بعثتم ميسرين ، ولم تبعثوا معسرين .

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): A Bedouin stood up and started urinating in the masjid. The people caught him but the Prophet  (salallahu alaihi wasallam) ordered them to leave him and to pour a bucket or a tumbler of water over the place where he had passed the urine. The Prophet then said, “You have been sent to make things easy and not to make them difficult.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 1, Hadeeth No. 219]

[Subhan Allah, just reflect over the noble character of our Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) and how kindly he dealt with a man who urinated in his masjid!]

يسروا ولا تعسروا ، وسكنوا ولا تنفروا

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Make things easy for the people, and do not make it difficult for them, and make them calm (with glad tidings) and do not repulse (them ).” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 8, Hadeeth No. 146]

أن رجلا مات فدخل الجنة . فقيل له : ما كنت تعمل ؟ ( قال فإما ذكر وإما ذكر ) فقال : إني كنت أبايع الناس . فكنت أنظر المعسر وأتجوز في السكة أو في النقد . فغفر له

Hudhaifa (radiallahu anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) as saying: “A person died and he entered Paradise. It was said to him: What (act) did you do? (Either he recalled it himself or he was made to recall), he said I used to enter into transactions with people and I gave respite to the insolvent and did not show any strictness in case of accepting a coin or demanding cash payment. (For these acts of his) he was granted pardon.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 3790]

من نفس عن مؤمن كربة من كرب الدنيا ، نفس الله عنه كربة من كرب يوم القيامة . ومن يسر على معسر ، يسر الله عليه في الدنيا والآخرة . ومن ستر مسلما ، ستره الله في الدنيا والآخرة . والله في عون العبد ما كان العبد في عون أخيه . ومن سلك طريقا يلتمس فيه علما ، سهل الله له به طريقا إلى الجنة . وما اجتمع قوم في بيت من بيوت الله ، يتلون كتاب الله ، ويتدارسونه بينهم ، إلا نزلت عليهم السكينة ، وغشيتهم الرحمة وحفتهم الملائكة ، وذكرهم الله فيمن عنده . ومن بطأ به عمله ، لم يسرع به نسبه

Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) as saying: “He who alleviates the suffering of a brother out of the sufferings of the world, Allah would alleviate his suffering from the sufferings of the Day of Resurrection, and he who finds relief for one who is hard pressed, Allah would make things easy for him in the Hereafter, and he who conceals (the faults) of a Muslim, Allah would conceal his faults in the world and in the Hereafter. Allah is at the back of a servant so long as the servant is at the back of his brother, and he who treads the path in search of knowledge, Allah would make that path easy, leading to Paradise for him and those persons who assemble in the house among the houses of Allah (masjids) and recite the Book of Allah and they learn and teach the Quran (among themselves) there would descend upon them the tranquillity and mercy would cover them and the angels would surround them and Allah makes a mention of them in the presence of those near Him, and he who is slow-paced in doing good deeds, his (high) descent does not make him go ahead.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 6518]

Sadly, this is something that we have lost in today’s time. We want things to be easy for us but most of us don’t seem to care if things are easy for others or not.

On the contrary, you will see many people going out of their way to make things difficult for other people.

Let me give you two simple examples:

1) A sister has been married for many years but has no children.

Do you think that she feels bad about not having any children? I’m going to take a wild guess and say “yes”.

Now, what happens when people keep saying things like “Any good news?” or “Why don’t you get some treatment?”

Yes, yes, I know. They’re trying to be helpful – but they really aren’t. All they’re doing is depressing the sister further and making things difficult for her.

And so what if a person doesn’t have any children? Aishah (radiallahu anha), the wife of the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam), did not have any children. This is something that is solely in the hands of Allah.

لِلَّـهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ يَهَبُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ إِنَاثًا وَيَهَبُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ الذُّكُورَ

أَوْ يُزَوِّجُهُمْ ذُكْرَانًا وَإِنَاثًا ۖ وَيَجْعَلُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ عَقِيمًا ۚ إِنَّهُ عَلِيمٌ قَدِيرٌ

“To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do all things.” [Surah Ash-Shura (42) : 49-50]

However, the fools of today make it sound like being childless is a crime.

What should they have done? Well, keeping silent would have been a good option. They could also have encouraged her to look at the positive side  and suggest that she use her time for good things like dawah, social work, etc.

This way, things are made easier for her.

2) A brother has been recently laid off from work.

What do people do? They nag him about it all the time!

“Hey, did you get another job yet?”

“What are you doing at present?”

“What will you do if you don’t find one soon?”

Because of this, the brother gets even more worried and starts to become a recluse.

What could the people have done? Well, they could have reminded him that Allah is the Provider and encouraged him to use his free time in pursuing knowledge or helping the needy.

This way, they’d be making life easy for him and not making things difficult.

Those were just two simple examples to show you that sometimes we make things difficult for people with our incessant questioning. We need to just mind our own business*.

[*This topic needs a post of its own.]

So, let’s strive to make things easy for people and not make things difficult. Hopefully, this can be something that causes Allah to forgive our sins on the Day of Judgment.


“Why aren’t the women mentioned in the Quran as the men are?”

Assalamu Alaikum.

Many Muslim and non-Muslim women keep asking this question.

So, what’s the answer?

Well, the “answer” is what Allah has revealed.

See, this question was asked 1400 years to the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) and Allah answered it:

Abdur Rahman ibn Shaibah said: ‘I heard Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) saying: “I said to the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam): ‘Why is it that we (i.e. the women) are not mentioned in the Quran as the men are?’ ”

She said: ” Then one day without my realising it, he was calling from the minbar (pulpit).” She said: “And I was combing my hair, so I tied my hair back, then I went out to my chamber in my house and I started listening out and he was saying from the minbar: ‘O people! Verily, Allah says in His book:

إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّـهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّـهُ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

“Verily, the Muslim men and women, the believing men and women, the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful, the men and the women who are patient, the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqaat (i.e. Zakaah, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).” [Surah Al-Ahzab (33) : 35]

[Musnad Ahmad, Hadeeth No. 26603. Shaikh Shuaib Al-Arnaut said that its isnaad (chain) was ‘sahih’.]

Short answer: It doesn’t matter.

Do the deeds, get the rewards. Simple.

[Note: For those of you who read my Umm Muawiyah blog, I had put something similar here which is why the whole post might have sounded familiar. There’s some more information mentioned in that post as well.]


“But it’s not fard”

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Fard = obligation]

That’s the chirp of many Muslims when they are told about any mustahabb (recommended) act in Islam. They say “But it’s not fard”. [Translation: “I’m not required to do it.”]

[Fard = Pleasing to Allah; Mustahabb = Pleasing to Allah

Did I miss something?]

I wonder what those people will have to say about the following hadeeth:

ما من عبد يقول في صباح كل يوم ومساء كل ليلة بسم الله الذي لا يضر مع اسمه شيء في الأرض ولا في السماء وهو السميع العليم ثلاث مرات فيضره شيء

وكان أبان قد أصابه طرف فالج فجعل الرجل ينظر إليه فقال له أبان ما تنظر أما إن الحديث كما حدثتك ولكني لم أقله يومئذ ليمضي الله علي قدره

Abaan ibn Uthman said: “I heard Uthman ibn Affan saying: ‘The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “There is no worshipper who says, in the morning of every day, and the evening of every night: ‘In the Name of Allah, Who with His Name, nothing in the earth or heaven can cause harm, and He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing’ three times, (except that) nothing shall harm him.” ’

“And Abaan had been stricken with a type of semi-paralysis, so a man began to look at him, so Abaan said to him: “What are you looking at? Indeed, the hadeeth is as I reported it to you, but I did not say it one day, so Allah brought about His decree upon me.” [Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No. 3388. Graded “haseen sahih” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No. 3388.]

Reciting this dhikr (remembrance) twice a day is “not fard”, it’s “just mustahabb”. However, look at what happened to the son of Uthman (radiallahu anhu) when he forget to say it one day!

However, I have a sneaky suspicion that everyone reading this post  might have been motivated to say this dhikr.

So here it is:

‘In the name of Allah with those name nothing is harmed on earth nor in the heavens and He is The All-Seeing, The All-Knowing.’(three times)

The time for it is after Fajr (until sunrise) and after Asr (until Maghrib).

Let’s strive never to miss this dhikr. That would be a calamity, wouldn’t it?

PS. If anybody wants the transliteration of the dhikr, let me know, insha-Allah.


A Pictorial Summary of how NOT to start a new day…

Assalamu Alaikum.

Most of us start our day in the same way.

[Yes, that rhymes.]

How do we start it?

Like this:

[Actually, the correct sequence would be “wake up, run to the bathroom (or whatever you call it) and then smell the coffee”….]

Of course, some might prefer to wake up and smell:

However, that still isn’t the right way to start the day.

So, just how are we supposed to start it?

Like this.

After we do that, then we can have the coffee / tea, insha-Allah.