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August 5, 2011

Ramadan: The Month of… – Part 3

by Umm Muawiyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here are Parts 1 and 2.]

The Month of Righteous Deeds (which are done to earn Allah’s Pleasure)

رب صائم ليس له من صيامه إلا الجوع ورب قائم ليس له من قيامه إلا السهر

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) that the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “There are people who fast and get nothing from their fast except hunger, and there are those who pray and get nothing from their prayer but a sleepless night.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadeeth No. 1690. Graded “hasan sahih” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadeeth No. 1690.]

إن لله عند كل فطر عتقاء وذلك في كل ليلة

It was narrated from Jaabir (radiallahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “At every breaking of the fast, Allah has people whom He frees (from the Fire), and that happens every night.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadeeth No. 1643. Graded “hasan sahih” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadeeth No. 1643.]

The Month of Brotherhood (and Sisterhood)

من فطر صائما كان له مثل أجره ، غير أنه لا ينقص من أجر الصائم شيئا

Zaid ibn Khalid Al-Juhani (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Whoever provides food for a fasting person (to break his fast with), then for him is the same reward as his (i.e. the fasting person) without anything being diminished from the reward of the fasting person.” [Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth  No. 807. Graded “sahih” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No. 807.]

The Month of Good Character

من لم يدع قول الزور والعمل به ، فليس لله حاجة في أن يدع طعامه وشرابه

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 3, Hadeeth No. 127]

The Month of Umrah

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لامرأة من الأنصار ، يقال لها أم سنان ” ما منعك أن تكوني حججت معنا ؟ ” قالت : ناضحان كانا لأبي فلان ( زوجها ) حج هو وابنه على أحدهما . وكان الآخر يسقي غلامنا . قال ” فعمرة في رمضان تقضي حجة . أو حجة معي “

Ibn Abbas reported that Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said to a woman of the Ansar who was called Umm Sinan: “What has prevented you that you did not perform Hajj with us? She said: The father of so and so (i. e. her husband) had only two camels. One of them had been taken away by him (my husband) and his son for Hajj, whereas the other one is used by our boy to carry water. Upon this he (the Prophet) said: Umrah during the month of Ramadan would suffice for Hajj, or Hajj along with me.*” [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 2885]

[*This means in terms of reward. It does not remove the obligation of Hajj.]

The Month of Zuhd (asceticism) and Itikaaf

[*Itikaaf is seclusion in the masjid. The sunnah is to do it the last 10 nights of Ramadan.]

كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا دخل العشر شد مئزره ، وأحيا ليله ، وأيقظ أهله

Narrated Aishah (radiallahu anhu): “With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to stay up at night, and used to wake his family.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 3, Hadeeth No. 241]

[Here’s more insight into this hadeeth.]

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يعتكف العشر الأواخر من رمضان حتى توفاه الله ، ثم اعتكف أزواجه من بعده

Narrated Aishah (radiallahu anha):  “The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) used to practice itikaaf in the last ten days of Ramadan until he died and then his wives used to practice Itikaf after him.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 3, Hadeeth No. 243]

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