An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 13
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
7) Unlike the creation, Allah is Ever Living and will never die.
That might seem terribly obvious but again, our actions belie our words.
When one looks at some people and how much they run after this dunya (worldly life), one can only wonder if they truly believe that they will die one day.
And let’s be honest: Don’t many of us avoid thinking about death? Don’t we like to pretend that it will never come?
However, death is going to come:
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ وَإِنَّمَا تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۖ فَمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ ۗ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ
“Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing).” [Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 185]
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ وَنَبْلُوكُم بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً ۖ وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ
“Everyone is going to taste death, and We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good, and to Us you will be returned.” [Surah Al-Anbiya (21) : 35]
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ
“Everyone shall taste the death. Then unto Us you shall be returned.” [Surah Al-Ankabut (29) : 57]
8) We are dependent on Allah for everything – including our lives.
Earlier in this series, I mentioned that we are dependent on Allah for our provision.
We also need to remember that we are dependent on Allah for our lives, and that when He wishes to take our souls, there will be absolutely nothing that we can do about it.
And we shouldn’t be worried about dying. Rather we should be worried about living – living in a manner that is pleasing to Allah, that is.
Unlike our lives, Allah has a perfect life. His life is not dependent on anyone else, nor was His life ever preceded by non-existence i.e. He has always existed.
9) Not only is Allah Al-Hayy (the Ever Living) but He is also Al-Qayyum (the Sustainer). Also, He does not get tired nor does He need any rest.
Al-Qayyum means that He maintains Himself which means that He is independent of everything else. [This is also implied in Al-Ghaniyy and As-Samad as I mentioned yesterday. Notice how all His Names and Attributes attest to His Perfection. If only we would take heed.]
He is the one who maintains and sustains all of creation and it is He alone who regulates their affairs. [Notice how reality contrasts with the belief of many of the disbelievers who think that the Lord of the Worlds just created them and then left them to take care of themselves!]
The Name Al-Hayy shows us that He is perfect with regards to Himself and the Name Al-Qayyum shows us He is perfect with regards to His sovereignty.
Al-Qayyum is one of the Names that comes frequently with Al-Hayy. Of course, the most famous example is Ayatul Kursi – the greatest ayah (verse) in the Quran.
[Note: Ayatul Kursi is translated as “Verse of the Footstool” NOT “Verse of the Throne”. Kursi = Footstool whereas Arsh = Throne.]
اللَّـهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ ۚ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ ۚ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ ۚ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ ۚ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ ۖ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ
“Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi (Footstool) extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” [Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 255]
Notice how this ayah talks about the perfection of Allah’s Life and the perfection of His sovereignty. It also talks about His Greatness and His Highness both in terms of His Essence and His Attributes. [I’ll discuss this issue in a future post, insha-Allah.]
Now look at the four Names (apart from “Allah”) that are mentioned in this ayah. Two of them start the ayah and the other two end it.
The ayah shows us that not only will Allah not die, but He will never get tired or sleep, despite maintaining all of His creation.
There are two more ayaat (verse) which mention Al-Hayy and Al-Qayyum together:
اللَّـهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ
“Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists.” [Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 2]
وَعَنَتِ الْوُجُوهُ لِلْحَيِّ الْقَيُّومِ ۖ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ حَمَلَ ظُلْمًا
“And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allah), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. And he who carried (a burden of) wrongdoing (i.e. he who disbelieved in Allah, ascribed partners to Him, and did deeds of His disobedience), became indeed a complete failure (on that Day).” [Surah Ta-Ha (20) : 111]
There’s also a famous dua (supplication) which mentions these two Names together.
Anyone want to take a guess?
Insha-Allah, I’ll mention it in tomorrow’s post.
PS. It seems that nobody wants the series to continue after Ramadan. It doesn’t matter though. Whilst typing out this post, I realised that I was really enjoying learning about the Names of Allah, and that I would continue doing it because that is the only way that I can force myself to keep learning!