An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 14
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
[So, I write that I’m going to continue this series because I’m enjoying learning about the Names of Allah. After this, I get a flood of comments asking me to continue the series.
Did I miss something?]
The dua (supplication) which I referred to in yesterday’s post is as follows:
[Congratulations to the one who guessed it correctly.]
ما يمنعك أن تسمعي ما أوصيك به ؟ أن تقولي إذا أصبحت و إذا أمسيت : يا حي يا قيوم برحمتك أستغيث ، أصلح لي شأني كله ، و لا تكلني إلى نفسي طرفة عين
Anas ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said to Fatima (radiallahu anha): “What prevents you from listening to what I have advised you with, or saying at the onset of every morning and evening: “O Ever Living One, O Self Sustaining One, by Your Mercy I seek assistance, rectify for me all my affairs, and do not leave me to myself even for the blink of any eye.” [Sahih At-Targhib Wat-Tarhib, Hadeeth No. 661]
What can we learn from this hadeeth?
a) We need to say this dua every morning and every evening. Morning means after Fajr prayer until sunrise, and evening means after Asr prayer until the adhan of Maghrib.
A word of advice: Try to recite ALL the adhkar (remembrances) for the morning and the evening EVERY day. Believe me, they have SO many virtues. Each dua has a virtue so we should try to say all of them.
It might take a while at first but this is one of those acts that is well-worth it.
The best time to start? Today.
[You can find all the required adkhar in the Fortress of the Muslim.]
b) We need Allah. If we were ever in charge of ourselves even for a picosecond, we’d be finished.
c) We can seek assistance through an Attribute of Allah. [I had previously mentioned that we could do this but we were not allowed to do dua to the Attribute.]
d) We need to have tawakkul (rely upon Allah alone). This is what this dua teaches us – that we need to place all our affairs in the Hands of Allah.
Of course, the usage of these two Names of Allah along with the mention of His Mercy is very significant. For those who understand Arabic, here is a nice little explanation of this dua.
[For those who don’t know Arabic: Stop sulking about the fact that you can’t understand Arabic articles and go learn this beautiful language.]
10) We need to worship Allah all year round, no matter what the situation is.
If He is Ever Living, it would mean that it doesn’t matter if we’re in Safar or Ramadan – we need to worship Him anyway.
And this is something that people are heedless of. They remember Allah in Ramadan but forget Him outside of it.
Why is that? Is Allah only watching them in Ramadan????
Also, it doesn’t matter if our family members, teachers or friends die. We still need to worship Allah because He is alive.
Unfortunately, far too many people stop practicing Islam after the death of someone close to them, either due to despair or lack of support.
It shouldn’t be this way.
Read the following story about what happened when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) died and pay close attention to what Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) said to the rest of the people:
أن أبا بكر رضي الله عنه أقبل على فرس من مسكنه بالسنح ، حتى نزل فدخل المسجد ، فلم يكلم الناس حتى دخل على عائشة ، فتيمم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو مغشي بثوب حبرة ، فكشف عن وجهه ثم أكب عليه فقبله وبكى ، ثم قال : بأبي أنت وأمي ، والله لا يجمع الله عليك موتتين ، أما الموتة التي كتبت عليك فقد متها
Narrated Aisha (radiallahu anha): Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the masjid, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon Aishah and went straight to Allah’s Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wasallam) who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet’s face and bowed over him and kissed him and wept, saying, “Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never cause you to die twice. As for the death which was written for you, has come upon you.”
عن عبد الله بن عباس : أن أبا بكر خرج وعمر بن الخطاب يكلم الناس ، فقال : اجلس يا عمر ، فأبى عمر أن يجلس ، فأقبل الناس إليه وتركوا عمر ، فقال أبو بكر : أما بعد ، فمن كان منكم يعبد محمدا صلى الله عليه وسلم فإن محمدا قد مات ، ومن كان منكم يعبد الله فإن الله حي لا يموت . قال الله
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallahu anhu): Abu Bakr went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people. Abu Bakr said, “Sit down, O ‘Umar!” But Umar refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, “To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah said:
وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ ۚ أَفَإِن مَّاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَىٰ أَعْقَابِكُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَنقَلِبْ عَلَىٰ عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَن يَضُرَّ اللَّـهَ شَيْئًا ۗ وَسَيَجْزِي اللَّـهُ الشَّاكِرِينَ
“Muhammad is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.” [Surah Aali-Imran (3) : 144]
والله لكأن الناس لم يعلموا أن الله أنزل هذه الآية حتى تلاها أبو بكر ، فتلقاها منه الناس كلهم ، فما أسمع بشرا من الناس إلا يتلوها
By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this verse before until Abu Bakr recited it and all the people received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).
فأخبرني سعيد بن المسيب : أن عمر قال : والله ما هو إلا أن سمعت أبا بكر تلاها فعقرت ، حتى ما تقلني رجلاي ، وحتى أهويت إلى الأرض حين سمعته تلاها ، علمت أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قد مات
Narrated Az-Zuhri: Said bin Al-Musaiyab told me that Umar said, “By Allah, when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me and I fell down at the very moment of hearing him reciting it, declaring that the Prophet had died.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 5, Hadeeth No. 733]
This ayah (verse) was actually revealed at the battle of Uhud after some of the Muslims stopped fighting because they believed that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was dead. So Allah reminded them of the fact that they were supposed to be fighting for His cause.
It just goes to show that we do not practice the religion for anybody except Allah, the Ever Living.
And it doesn’t matter if every single person dies around us. We need to keep worshipping Allah.
Until when, you ask?
وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَكَ الْيَقِينُ
“And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty (i.e. death).“[Surah Al-Hijr (15) : 99]
Let us all remember this when we hear of the end of Ramadan, because the end of this month does not mean the end of our ibaadah (worship).
By the way, the ayah right after the one mentioned in the hadeeth is:
وَمَا كَانَ لِنَفْسٍ أَن تَمُوتَ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّـهِ كِتَابًا مُّؤَجَّلًا ۗ وَمَن يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَمَن يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ الْآخِرَةِ نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا ۚ وَسَنَجْزِي الشَّاكِرِينَ
“And no person can ever die except by Allah’s Leave and at an appointed term. And whoever desires a reward in (this) world, We shall give him of it; and whoever desires a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. And We shall reward the grateful.” [Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 145]
Let each of us ask himself or herself which reward we really want – this world or the hereafter.
11) Because Allah is Al-Hayy (Ever Living), we need to put our trust in Him.
[This is just one reason why we put our trust in Allah. There are many other reasons too.]
وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْحَيِّ الَّذِي لَا يَمُوتُ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِهِ بِذُنُوبِ عِبَادِهِ خَبِيرًا
“And put your trust (O Muhammad) in the Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises, and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 58]
Insha-Allah, I’ll discuss this issue further in the next post. I’ll also talk about the virtues of tawakkul.