An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 15
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
[Note: I haven’t forgotten to reply to all your comments. It’s on my to-do list (along with a whole bunch of other stuff…).]
So, Allah says that because He is the Ever Living One, we need to put our trust in Him.
Think about it. Anyone else that we might depend upon like a family member, a friend, etc is just a created being who is going to die one day.
And what happens if they die BEFORE us?
Are we going to rely upon someone else?
And what happens if they too die BEFORE us?
See how it goes? None of them can be relied upon completely.
Allah, on the other hand, will never die so we should feel completely relaxed and put our trust in Him.
12) Tawakkul (relying upon Allah) is one of the great acts of worship.
Firstly, what exactly is tawakkul?
It is one of the actions of the heart. Yes, the heart.
What does it mean? It means entrusting all our affairs to Allah and relying on Him alone in all matters.
And we need to do all this whilst taking the means.
So, for example, suppose a man needs rizq (provision). What does he do?
Well, he gets a halal (lawful) job. However, he does not rely on this job as it is just a means. His heart is attached to Allah and not on the job.
Too tough, you say?
Okay, perhaps you should read this article by Shaikh Saleh Al-Fawzan on tawakkul.
[If you don’t understand what tawakkul is, I’d advise you to read the article first before you move on to reading this post.]
Tawakkul isn’t just some minor act. It is one of the great acts of worship.
Some of the virtues of tawakkul are:
a) It is one of the attributes of a believer.
إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّـهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
قَالَ رَجُلَانِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّـهُ عَلَيْهِمَا ادْخُلُوا عَلَيْهِمُ الْبَابَ فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُمُوهُ فَإِنَّكُمْ غَالِبُونَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّـهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
“Two men of those who feared (Allah and) on whom Allah had bestowed His Grace said: “Assault them through the gate, for when you are in, victory will be yours, and put your trust in Allah if you are believers indeed.”” [Surah Al-Maaidah (5) : 23]
وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُم مَّنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّـهُ ۚ قُلْ أَفَرَأَيْتُم مَّا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ إِنْ أَرَادَنِيَ اللَّـهُ بِضُرٍّ هَلْ هُنَّ كَاشِفَاتُ ضُرِّهِ أَوْ أَرَادَنِي بِرَحْمَةٍ هَلْ هُنَّ مُمْسِكَاتُ رَحْمَتِهِ ۚ قُلْ حَسْبِيَ اللَّـهُ ۖ عَلَيْهِ يَتَوَكَّلُ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ
“And verily, if you ask them: “Who created the heavens and the earth?” Surely, they will say: “Allah (has created them).” Say: “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah, if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm, or if He intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?” Say : “Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust.“” [Surah Az-Zumar (39) : 38]
Note: If someone relies on other than Allah for something that can be sought from Allah alone, then this is major shirk which expels the doer from the fold of Islam.
However, if someone relies on other than Allah for something that he (the one relied upon) can do, then this is hidden and minor shirk, as the latter has been made more than just a means. This act does not expel a person from the fold of Islam but it is very dangerous and it is a major sin.
What about delegating a person to do a task for you? That’s allowed and it is not shirk.
b) Allah loves those who have tawakkul.
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّـهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
إِن يَنصُرْكُمُ اللَّـهُ فَلَا غَالِبَ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِن يَخْذُلْكُمْ فَمَن ذَا الَّذِي يَنصُرُكُم مِّن بَعْدِهِ ۗ وَعَلَى اللَّـهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ
“And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harshhearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).”
“If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after Him that can help you? And in Allah (Alone) let believers put their trust.”
[Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 159-160]
c) The best of people (i.e. the cream of the crop) are those that have full tawakkul in Allah.
كنت عند سعيد بن جبير فقال : أيكم رأى الكوكب الذي انقض البارحة ؟ قلت : أنا . ثم قلت : أما إني لم أكن في صلاة . ولكني لدغت . قال : فماذا صنعت ؟ قلت : استرقيت . قال : فما حملك على ذلك ؟ قلت : حديث حدثناه الشعبي . فقال : وما حدثكم الشعبي ؟ قلت : حدثنا عن بريدة بن حصيب الأسلمي ؛ أنه قال : لا رقية إلا من عين أو حمة . فقال : قد أحسن من انتهى إلى ما سمع . ولكن حدثنا ابن عباس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” عرضت علي الأمم . فرأيت النبي ومعه الرهيط . والنبي ومعه الرجل والرجلان . والنبي ليس معه أحد . إذ رفع لي سواد عظيم . فظننت أنهم أمتي . فقيل لي : هذا موسى صلى الله عليه وسلم وقومه . ولكن انظر إلى الأفق . فنظرت . فإذا سواد عظيم . فقيل لي : انظر إلى الأفق الآخر . فإذا سواد عظيم . فقيل لي : هذه أمتك . ومعهم سبعون ألفا يدخلون الجنة بغير حساب ولا عذاب ” . ثم نهض فدخل منزله . فخاض الناس في أولئك الذين يدخلون الجنة بغير حساب ولا عذاب . فقال بعضهم : فلعلهم الذين صحبوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . وقال بعضهم : فلعلهم الذين ولدوا في الإسلام ولم يشركوا بالله . وذكروا أشياء . فخرج عليهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : ” ما الذي تخوضون فيه ؟ ” فأخبروه . فقال ” هم الذين لا يرقون . ولا يسترقوون . ولا يتطيرون . وعلى ربهم يتوكلون ” فقام عكاشة بن محصن . فقال : ادع الله أن يجعلني منهم . فقال ” أنت منهم ” ثم قام رجل آخر فقال : ادع الله أن يجعلني منهم . فقال ” سبقك بها عكاشة “
Husain ibn Abdir Rahman reported: I was with Said ibn Jubair when he said: Who amongst you saw a star shooting last night? I said: It was I; then I said: I was in fact not (busy) in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion (and that is the reason why I was awake and had a glimpse of the shooting star). He said: Then what did you do? I said: I practised charm. He said: What urged you to do this? I said: (I did this according to the implied suggestion) of the hadith which al-Shuba narrated. He said: What did al-Shuba narrate to you? I said: Buraida ibn Husaib al-Aslami narrated to us. The charm is of no avail except in case of the (evil influence) of an eye or the sting of a scorpion.
He said: He who acted according to what he had heard (from the Prophet) acted rightly, but Ibn Abbas narrated to us from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) that he said: There were brought before me the people and I saw a Prophet and a small group (of his followers) along with him, another (Prophet) and one or two persons (along with him) and (still another) Prophet having no one with him. When a very large group was brought to me I conceived as if it were my Ummah. Then it was said to me: It is Musa and his people. You should look at the horizon, and I saw a very huge group. It was again said to me: See the other side of the horizon, and there was (also) a very huge group. It was said to me: This is your Ummah, and amongst them there were seventy thousand persons who would be made to enter Paradise without rendering any account and without (suffering) any torment. He then stood up and went to his house.
Then the people began to talk about the people who would be admitted to Paradise without rendering any account and without (suffering) any torment. Some of them said: They may be those who (have had the good fortune of living) in the company of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and some of them said: They be those who were born in Islam and did not associate anything with Allah. Some people mentioned other things. Thereupon came forth the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) before them and he said: What was that which you were talking about? They informed him.
He said: They are those persons who neither practise charm, nor ask others to practise it, nor do they take omens, and put their trust in their Lord. Upon this Ukasha ibn Mihsan stood up and said: Supplicate for me that He should make me one among them. Upon this he (Messenger of Allah) said: You are one among them. Then another man stood up and said: Supplicate before Allah that He should make me one among them. Upon this he said: Ukasha has preceded you. [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 425]
يدخل من أمتي زمرة هم سبعون ألفا . تضيء وجوههم إضاءة القمر ليلة البدر ” . قال أبو هريرة : فقام عكاشة بن محصن الأسدي ، يرفع نمرة عليه . فقال : يا رسول الله ! ادع الله أن يجعلني منهم . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ” اللهم ! اجعله منهم ” ثم قام رجل من الأنصار فقال : يا رسول الله ! ادع الله أن يجعلني منهم . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ” سبقك بها عكاشة “
Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) reported: I heard it from the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) saying: A group of my Ummah consisting of seventy thousand persons would enter Paradise; their faces would be as bright as the brightness of the full moon. Abd Huraira said: Ukasha ibn Mihsan al-Asadi then stood up wrapping the blanket around him and said: Messenger of Allah, supplicate (before) Allah that He should make me one among them. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: O Allah, make him among them. Then stood up a man from the Ansar and said: Messenger of Allah, pray to Allah that He should make me one among them. The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: ‘Ukkasha has preceded you in this matter. [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 420]
“Only 70, 000 from, like, all of humankind”?
No, just from the ummah (nation) of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).
“That ain’t much.”
Well, no, but that’s why they are called the “cream” of the crop. Besides, it’s not just 70, 000. There’s a bit more than that.
أعطيت سبعين ألفا من أمتي يدخلون الجنة بغير حساب وجوههم كالقمر ليلة البدر ، قلوبهم على قلب رجل واحد ، فاستزدت ربي عز و جل ، فزادني مع كل واحد سبعين ألفا
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “I have been given seventy thousand of my ummah, who will enter Paradise without being called to account. Their faces will be like the full moon, and their hearts will be as one. I asked my Lord, Azza wa Jall, for more, and He gave me, along with each of them, seventy thousand more.” [Sahih Al-Jaami, Hadeeth No. 1057.]
Note: There is a difference of opinion over the authenticity of the last hadeeth. Shaikh Al-Albani authenticated it. It was also mentioned by Imam Ibn Kathir in Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah. However, some other scholars declared it weak. So for all we know, perhaps there are only 70, 000 slots…
How can we get included in this select group of people? Well, we need to do dua (supplicate) constantly, and beg Allah to make us of these people.
Also, learning about the Names and Attributes of Allah is one of the best ways of increasing one in tawakkul.
[It’s all making sense now, isn’t it?]
Insha-Allah, I’ll discuss Allah’s Names Al-Wakeel, Al-Kafi and Al-Haseeb tomorrow and talk even more about tawakkul.
Allah Knows Better.