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August 16, 2011


An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 16

by Umm Muawiyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Note: I started this section on Day 10. I mentioned 5 Names there. However, I added Ar-Raaziq and Al-Qayyum. Today and tomorrow, insha-Allah, I’ll also be adding Al-Kafeel, Al-Haseeb, and Al-Kaafi to that list, because they are all related to the issue of tawakkul.]

I’d like to add one more point to yesterday’s post:

[I just found out about it which is why I’m adding it today.]

One reason for Allah using the Name Al-Hayy (the Ever Living) for the One that should be relied upon is that the idols that the pagans (at the time of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)) worshipped were dead:

وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ لَا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ

أَمْوَاتٌ غَيْرُ‌ أَحْيَاءٍ ۖ وَمَا يَشْعُرُ‌ونَ أَيَّانَ يُبْعَثُونَ

“Those whom they (the polytheists) invoke besides Allsh have not created anything, but are themselves created. (They are) dead, lifeless, and they know not when they will be raised up.” [Surah An-Nahl (16) : 20-21]

So, these idols were dead so why bother relying upon them?

Note: One should read these ayaat (verses) not just in the context of idol worship but also grave worship.

What’s grave worship, you ask?

That would be when people go to the grave of dead “saints”. They think that these “saints” can help them, protect them against evil, etc. Believing that the dead can do this is MAJOR shirk and it is an act which expels a person from the fold of Islam.

Subhan Allah, don’t these people ever reflect over their actions and realise that Allah, the  Lord of the Worlds, is sufficient for them?

And ultimately, is there any difference between relying upon a lifeless idol or a dead person?

Think about it.

13) The one who entrusts his affairs to Allah will never regret it, because He is Al-Kafeel (the One who is a surety), Al-Wakeel (the Disposer of Affairs), Al-Haseeb (the One who takes account), and Al-Kaafi (the Sufficient).

Let’s take each Name separately:

a) Al-Kafeel (the One who is a surety)

Surety, you ask?

Sigh. That would mean “guarantee”.

In business, it’s the one who takes the responsibility for paying off the debt of the person who borrows some money from another, if the former is unable to do so.

Keep this definition in mind because there’s a mind-blowing hadeeth coming up (no pun intended).

Allah says:

وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِ اللَّـهِ إِذَا عَاهَدتُّمْ وَلَا تَنقُضُوا الْأَيْمَانَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ اللَّـهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (Baia: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted, and break not the oaths after you have confirmed them, and indeed you have appointed Allah your surety. Verily! Allah knows what you do.” [Surah An-Nahl (16) : 91]

“Huh? I don’t get it.”

Patience. Read the following hadeeth:

إن رجلا من بني إسرائيل سأل بعض بني إسرائيل أن يسلفه ألف دينار ، فقال : ائتني بالشهداء أشهدهم ، فقال : كفى بالله شهيدا ، قال : فائتني بالكفيل ، قال : كفى بالله وكيلا ، قال : صدقت ، فدفعها إليه إلى أجل مسمى ، فخرج في البحر فقضى حاجته ، ثم التمس مركبا يركبها يقدم عليه ، للأجل الذي أجله ، فلم يجد مركبا فأخذ خشبة فنقرها فأدخل فيها ألف دينار ، وصحيفة منه إلى صاحبه ، ثم زج موضعها ، ثم أتى بها إلى البحر ، فقال : اللهم إنك تعلم أني تسلفت فلانا ألف دينار ، فسألني كفيلا ، فقلت : كفى بالله وكيلا ، فرضي بك ، وسألني شهيدا ، فقلت : كفى بالله شهيدا ، فرضي بك ، وإني جهدت أن أجد مركبا أبعث إليه الذي له فلم أجد ، وإني أستودعكها ، فرمى بها إلى البحر ، حتى ولجت فيه ، ثم انصرف ، وهو في ذلك يلتمس مركبا يخرج إلى بلده ، فخرج الرجل الذي كان أسلفه ، ينظر لعل مركبا قد جاء بماله ، فإذا بالخشبة التي فيها المال ، فأخذها لأهله حطبا ، فلما نشرها وجد المال والصحيفة ، ثم قدم الذي كان أسلفه ، فأتى بالألف دينار ، وقال : والله مازلت جاهدا في طلب مركب لآتيك بمالك ، فما وجدت مركبا قبل الذي أتيت فيه ، قال : هل كنت بعثت إلي شيئا ؟ قال : أخبرك أني لم أجد مركبا قبل الذي جئت فيه ، قال : فإن الله قد أدى عنك الذي بعثت في الخشبة ، فانصرف بالألف دينار راشدا

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “An Israeli man asked another Israeli to lend him one thousand Dinars. The second man required witnesses. The former replied, ‘Allah is sufficient as a witness.’ The second said, ‘I want a surety.’ The former replied, ‘Allah is sufficient as a surety.’ The second said, ‘You are right,’ and lent him the money for a certain period. The debtor went across the sea. When he finished his job, he searched for a conveyance so that he might reach in time for the repayment of the debt, but he could not find any. So, he took a piece of wood and made a hole in it, inserted in it one thousand Dinars and a letter to the lender and then closed (i.e. sealed) the hole tightly. He took the piece of wood to the sea and said. ‘O Allah! You know well that I took a loan of one thousand Dinars from so-and-so. He demanded a surety from me but I told him that Allah’s Guarantee was sufficient and he accepted Your guarantee. He then asked for a witness and I told him that Allah was sufficient as a Witness, and he accepted You as a Witness. No doubt, I tried hard to find a conveyance so that I could pay his money but could not find, so I hand over this money to You.’ Saying that, he threw the piece of wood into the sea till it went out far into it, and then he went away. Meanwhile he started searching for a conveyance in order to reach the creditor’s country.

One day the lender came out of his house to see whether a ship had arrived bringing his money, and all of a sudden he saw the piece of wood in which his money had been deposited. He took it home to use for fire. When he sawed it, he found his money and the letter inside it. Shortly after that, the debtor came bringing one thousand Dinars to him and said, ‘By Allah, I had been trying hard to get a boat so that I could bring you your money, but failed to get one before the one I have come by.’ The lender asked, ‘Have you sent something to me?’ The debtor replied, ‘I have told you I could not get a boat other than the one I have come by.’ The lender said, ‘Allah has delivered on your behalf the money you sent in the piece of wood. So, you may keep your one thousand Dinars and depart guided on the right path.’ ” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 3, Hadeeth No. 488B]

Subhan Allah, look at how Allah sets aright the affairs of those who rely upon Him.

The one who took the loan was worried about the money reaching its owner and relied upon Allah to deliver the money when he was unable to fully take the means to do so. Allah caused it to reach the owner.

The one who gave the loan accepted Allah as a guarantee and due to this, he got his money back.

Awesome, isn’t it?

Forget about all those silly letter-in-a-bottle stories. This is the story we need to be telling the little ones. [And the story of Salman Al-Farisi, of course.]

b) Al-Wakeel (the Disposer of Affairs)

This means that Allah is the one who takes cares of all the affairs of creation in accordance with His Knowledge, His Power and His Wisdom, all of which are perfect.

Allah says:

بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْ‌ضِ ۖ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لَهُ وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ تَكُن لَّهُ صَاحِبَةٌ ۖ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّـهُ رَ‌بُّكُمْ ۖ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything. Such is Allah, your Lord! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over all things.” [Surah Al-Anaam (6) : 101-102]

اللَّـهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ ۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ

لَّهُ مَقَالِيدُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْ‌ضِ ۗ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُ‌وا بِآيَاتِ اللَّـهِ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُ‌ونَ

“Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over all things. To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth. And those who disbelieve in the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, such are they who will be the losers.” [Surah Az-Zumar (39) : 62-63]

[Point to ponder: Notice how in both of the above surahs, Allah says He is the Creator of everything before pointing out that He is the Disposer of the Affairs. Obviously, if He created everything, He, and only He, should be the Disposer of the Affairs.]

Allah has ordered us to take Him as a Wakeel:

رَّ‌بُّ الْمَشْرِ‌قِ وَالْمَغْرِ‌بِ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَاتَّخِذْهُ وَكِيلًا

“(He Alone is) the Lord of the east and the west, none has the right to be worshipped but He. So take Him Alone as Wakeel (Disposer of your affairs).” [Surah Al-Muzzammil (73) : 9]

[Ponder over the beginning of the ayah (verse). Who noticed two important things?]

He has  also prohibited us from taking other than Him as a Wakeel:

وَآتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ هُدًى لِّبَنِي إِسْرَ‌ائِيلَ أَلَّا تَتَّخِذُوا مِن دُونِي وَكِيلًا

“And We gave Musa the Scripture and made it a guidance for Bani Israel (saying): “Take not other than Me as (your) Wakeel (Protector, Lord, or Disposer of your affairs, etc).” [Surah Al-Israa (17): 2]

Taking other than Allah as a Wakeel would be shirk in tawakkul, which is a type major shirk.

وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّـهِ وَكِيلًا

“And put your trust in Allah. And Allah is Ever All­ Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.” [Surah An-Nisa (4) : 81]

Here Allah orders us to rely upon Him alone and then points out that the reason is because He is Al-Wakeel, the One disposes of the affairs.

One of the traits of the believers is that Allah is sufficient for them and they put their trust in Him to dispose of their affairs.

الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّـهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ

“Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: “Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).” [Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 173]

عن ابن عباس : { حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل } . قالها إبراهيم عليه السلام حين ألقي في النار ، وقالها محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم حين قالوا : { إن الناس قد جمعوا لكم فاخشوهم فزادهم إيمانا وقالوا حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل } .

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallahu anhuma): ‘Allah is Sufficient for us and He is the Best Disposer of affairs,” was said by Ibrahim when he was thrown into the fire; and it was said by Muhammad when they (i.e. hypocrites) said, “A great army is gathering against you, therefore, fear them,” but it only increased their faith and they said: “Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer (of affairs, for us).[Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 173]” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 6, Hadeeth No. 86]

Generally speaking, Allah is Al-Wakeel for all of creation i.e. He disposes of everyone’s affairs including the disbelievers. However, He also Al-Wakeel specifically for the believers.

What does that mean? That means that He takes care of them, makes things easy for them, and protects them from evil. He suffices them in all their affairs.

For example, as Ibn Abbas (radiallahu anhuma) mentioned, it was what Ibrahim (alaihissalam) said before being thrown into the fire (by his enemies).

And what happened after that? Allah made the fire cool for Ibrahim so it did not harm him at all.

Isn’t Allah Sufficient for His slaves?

2 Comments Post a comment
    Aug 16 2011

    Salamallaykum, What a lesson today of Allah’s name with its meaning and the support of hadiths, related true stories,if one has Genuine faith and trust in HIM and surely abide to keep his promise by all means specially when we bring Allah as a witness.

  2. rehana
    Aug 17 2011

    Jazakallah khair sister for day 15 & 16 (actually for everyday!). There is a lot it leaves us to ponder about & somehow it pierces into the heart facts which cannot be just read & ignored. Just one qstn, Many times I have experienced, when thing go out of our control, there isn’t much we have a choice to do but leave it in His hands & Alhamdullilah, Alhamdullilah, each time He has sorted it out for me & Alhamdullilah I have thanked Him on the spot, but what do you do when the spoilt & rotten brat within us (our nafs) whispers to us later & tells that ‘I did it ‘ or ‘I won’ or that ‘I passed His test’ – all this on my own (when I very well know that Allah (swt) is behind all my success- not a leaf falls from the tree but with His permission, still….) – this whispering really bothers me & worries me a lot) – please clarify, if possible.


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