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August 17, 2011

An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 17

by Umm Muawiyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

c) Al-Haseeb (the One who takes account; the Reckoner)

Al-Haseeb is the one who is Sufficient for all His Slaves. He is the one recompenses (i.e. rewards) with them with either good or bad (depending on which on which one they deserve).

The proof for this Name is as follows:

وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُ‌دُّوهَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا

“When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.” [Surah An-Nisaa (4) :86]

الَّذِينَ يُبَلِّغُونَ رِ‌سَالَاتِ اللَّـهِ وَيَخْشَوْنَهُ وَلَا يَخْشَوْنَ أَحَدًا إِلَّا اللَّـهَ ۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّـهِ حَسِيبًا

“Those who convey the Message of Allah and fear Him, and fear none save Allah. And Sufficient is Allah as a Reckoner.” [Surah Al-Ahzab (33) : 39]

ثُمَّ رُ‌دُّوا إِلَى اللَّـهِ مَوْلَاهُمُ الْحَقِّ ۚ أَلَا لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَهُوَ أَسْرَ‌عُ الْحَاسِبِينَ

“Then they are returned to Allah, their Maula [True Master (God), the Just Lord (to reward them)]. Surely, His is the judgement and He is the Swiftest in taking account.” [Surah Al-Anaam (6) : 62]

This Name was implied in some of the ayaat (verses) that I’ve mentioned before.

الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّـهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ

“Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: “Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).” [Surah Aal-Imran (3) : 173]

So, the believers are basically saying “Allah is Haseeb (sufficient) for them and that He is the Best Wakeel (disposer of affairs).”

[Notice how all these Names are so intricately linked together.]

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ حَسْبُكَ اللَّـهُ وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

“O Prophet (Muhammad)! Allah is Sufficient for you and for the believers who follow you.” [Surah Al-Anfal (8) : 64]

Allah is Al-Haseeb for all of His creation. However, He is also Al-Haseeb specifically for the believers who put their trust in Him.

The ayah above shows that the more a person follows the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), the more Allah suffices Him.

So, if we want Allah’s aid, we need to obey Him and attempt to follow His greatest slave, in ALL our affairs.

And we have to realise that if Allah protects us, then nobody can harm us.

وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُم مَّنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْ‌ضَ لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّـهُ ۚ قُلْ أَفَرَ‌أَيْتُم مَّا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ إِنْ أَرَ‌ادَنِيَ اللَّـهُ بِضُرٍّ‌ هَلْ هُنَّ كَاشِفَاتُ ضُرِّ‌هِ أَوْ أَرَ‌ادَنِي بِرَ‌حْمَةٍ هَلْ هُنَّ مُمْسِكَاتُ رَ‌حْمَتِهِ ۚ قُلْ حَسْبِيَ اللَّـهُ ۖ عَلَيْهِ يَتَوَكَّلُ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ

And verily, if you ask them: “Who created the heavens and the earth?” Surely, they will say: “Allah (has created them).” Say: “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah, if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm, or if He intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?” Say : “Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust.“” [Surah Az-Zumar (39) : 38]

[This is something we all need to remember especially when we start to moan and groan about the harm from the enemies of Islam. Sorry but what can they do? They’re useless, created beings just like we are.]

Allah is Sufficient for the one who puts his/her trust in Him:

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّـهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَ‌جًا

وَيَرْ‌زُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِ‌هِ ۚ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّـهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرً‌ا

“And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.” [Surah At-Talaq (65) :2-3]

[I mentioned the previous ayah when I discussed how tawakkul brings about provision. Isn’t it amazing how all these issues are linked together?]

Allah also says:

فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُلْ حَسْبِيَ اللَّـهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ ۖ وَهُوَ رَ‌بُّ الْعَرْ‌شِ الْعَظِيمِ

“But if they turn away, say (O Muhammad): “Allah is sufficient for me. None has the right to be worshipped but He), in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.” [Surah At-Tawbah (9) : 129]

The statement mentioned in the above ayah (verse) is also a famous dhikr (remembrance):

عن أبي الدرداء رضي الله عنه قال : من قال إذا أصبح وإذا أمسى حسبي الله لا إله إلا هو عليه توكلت وهو رب العرش العظيم سبع مرات كفاه الله ما أهمه صادقا كان بها أو كاذبا

It was narrated from Umm Ad-Darda (radiallahu anha) that Abu Darda (radiallahu anhu) said:  “Whoever says, morning and evening, ‘Hasbiyallahu laa ilaaha illa huwa, alaihi tawakkaltu, wa huwa rabbul arshil adheem (Allah is sufficient for me, there is none worthy of worship but He, in Him I have put my trust, and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne)’ seven times, Allah will suffice him against all that grieves him, whether he is truthful in saying it, or is untruthful.” [Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 5081]

I should point out some very important facts with regards to this hadeeth:

1) The authenticity of this hadeeth is disputed. Shaikh Al-Albani considered it fabricated. However, Shaikhs ibn Baz, Shuaib Al-Arnaut, Abdul Qadir Al-Arnaut and Zubair Alee Zaee all authenticated it.

2) The hadeeth ends in two ways. One of the other narrations says:

كفاه الله – عز وجل- همه من أمر الدنيا والآخرة

“Allah, Azza wa Jall, will suffice him in worldly and hereafter matters that grieve him.”

3) The other ending (shown above): “whether he is truthful in saying it, or is untruthful.” was declared to be inauthentic by Imam Ibn Kathir.

The meaning is also strange because we all know that one needs to be sincere and truthful when saying any supplication.

However, there seems to be another meaning to the “untruthful” part. It could mean that the person was heedless of the full impact of what he was saying.

[For those who understand Arabic, here’s a discussion of this hadeeth.]

[For those of you who don’t understand Arabic: No, I’m not trying to torture you with the Arabic articles. It’s just that I use Arabic stuff (because you can’t get this stuff in English) and I know that there are quite a few readers who read Arabic stuff as well. Anyway, I did translate the important part of this article.]

I think many people might recite this supplication regularly. Do we ponder over its meaning though? Do we ask ourselves if we’ve really put our trust in Allah?

The whole deen of Islam revolves around tawakkul of Allah, so we have to be of those who have it, otherwise…

d) Al-Kaafi (the Sufficient)

Allah is also Al-Kaafi, which means “the Sufficient”.

The meaning is linked to that of Al-Haseeb as you can see. [However, Al-Haseeb also has to do with recompense.]

Again, Al-Kaafi, like Al-Haseeb, also means that Allah is the one who suffices all His slaves with regards to all their needs.

And again, He is also Al-Kaafi specifically for the believers who put their trust in Him.

[Point to ponder: Did you notice that with all these Names there is the general meaning and the specific meaning with regards to the believers?

One of the things that we should realise is the great Mercy of Allah. He takes care of ALL His slaves to some degree, even if they disbelieve in Him. Remember, He is Lord of the Worlds, not just Lord of the Believers.

Despite this, most of mankind is not grateful. And this is one major reason why the disbelievers deserve to be in Hell for eternity. After all that Allah has done for them, why weren’t they ever thankful?]

The proof of this Name is as follows:

أَلَيْسَ اللَّـهُ بِكَافٍ عَبْدَهُ ۖ وَيُخَوِّفُونَكَ بِالَّذِينَ مِن دُونِهِ ۚ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّـهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ

“Is not Allah Sufficient for His slave? Yet they try to frighten you with those (whom they worship) besides Him! And whom Allah sends astray, for him there will be no guide.” [Surah Az-Zumar (39) : 36]

[Go back to the first part of this post to see which ayah comes soon after this.]

وَرَ‌دَّ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُ‌وا بِغَيْظِهِمْ لَمْ يَنَالُوا خَيْرً‌ا ۚ وَكَفَى اللَّـهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْقِتَالَ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ قَوِيًّا عَزِيزًا

“And Allah drove back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained no advantage (booty, etc.). Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting (by sending against the disbelievers a severe wind and troops of angels). And Allah is Ever All­-Strong, All­-Mighty.” [Surah Al-Ahzab (33) : 25]

Here’s another dhikr (remembrance) to ponder over:

أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا أوى إلى فراشه قال ” الحمد لله الذي أطعمنا وسقانا ، وكفانا وآوانا . فكم ممن لا كافي له ولا مؤوي

Anas (radiallahu anhu) narrated that when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) went to his bed, he said: “Al-Hamdulillahilladhi atamanaa wa saqaanaa wa kafaanaa wa aawaanaa, fakam mimman laa kaafi lahu wa laa muwiya.” (All praise is due to Allah Who fed us, provided us drink, sufficed us and provided us with shelter, for how many a people are there who have none to suffice them and none to provide shelter.) [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 6556]

This is supposed to be recited just before going to bed.

Subhan Allah, let’s think about the meaning of this remembrance with regards to current events. Isn’t it true? Look at how so many people have no food, no drink and no home.

And we have all of these things.

Are we even grateful for them or don’t we even realise what we have?

Let’s try to recite this dhikr with our hearts as well as our tongues.

Here’s another remembrance that causes Allah to suffice the one who recites:

إذا خرج الرجل من بيته فقال : بسم الله ، توكلت على الله ، لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله . قال : يقال حينئذ : هديت وكفيت ووقيت ، فتتنحى له الشياطين ، فيقول شيطان آخر : كيف لك برجل قد هدي وكفي ووقي ؟

“It was narrated from Anas ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “When a man goes out of his house, and says ‘Bismillah, tawakkaltu allallah, laa hawla, wa laa quwwata illaa billah’ (In the Name of Allah, I rely upon Allah, there is no power and no strength except with Allah), then it is said: ‘You have been guided, sufficed and protected.’ and the devils go far away from him, and another devil says: ‘What can do you with a an who has been guided, sufficed and protected?'” [Sunan Abee Dawood, Hadeeth No. 5095. Graded “sahih” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan Dawood, Hadeeth No. 5095. Note: There is some weakness in this narration but there seem to be other narrations to support it. Some of them can be found here.]

[Notice that it says that the person relied upon Allah which is why they were sufficed.]

And for all those who continually wonder what people will say, here’s a hadeeth that reminds us who we should really be concerned about:

Abdul Wahhab ibn Al-Ward narrated from a man among the inhabitants of Al-Madinah who said: “Muawiyah wrote a letter to Aisha that: ‘Write a letter to advise me and do not overburden me.’” He said: ‘So Aisha (radiallahu anha) wrote to Muawiyah: ‘Peace be upon you. As for what follows: Indeed I heard the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) saying:

من التمس رضا الله بسخط الناس كفاه الله مؤنة الناس ، ومن التمس رضا الناس بسخط الله وكله الله إلى الناس

‘Whoever seeks Allah’s pleasure by the people’s wrath, Allah will suffice him from the people. And whoever seeks the people’s pleasure by Allah’s wrath, Allah will entrust him to the people. And peace be upon you.’” [Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No. 2414. Graded ‘saheeh’ by Shaikh Al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No, 2414. The chain of narrators has some weakness in it but there are other supporting narrations like the one that follows.]

Here’s another narration of this hadeeth (which doesn’t say “suffice” but it says everything else):

من التمس رضى الله بسخط الناس ؛ رضي الله عنه ، وأرضى الناس عنه ، ومن التمس رضا الناس بسخط الله ، سخط الله عليه ، وأسخط عليه الناس

Aisha narrated that the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Whoever seeks to acquire the pleasure of Allah at the expense of people’s anger, Allah will be pleased with him and make the people pleased with him. Whoever seeks to acquire the pleasure of the people at the expense of Allah’s anger, Allah will be angry at him and make the people angry with him.” [Saheeh Ibn Hibban, Hadeeth No. 276. Shaikh Shuaib Al-Arnaut said that its chain of narrators was “hasan.”]

You know, the Names of Allah will not have any impact on our lives if we don’t allow our knowledge to improve our thoughts and our actions.

So, let’s think about where we are today with regards to relying upon Allah and where we’d like to be tomorrow.

Tomorrow will be the last part of this series for Ramadan, insha-Allah. I’ll talk more about tawakkul and if possible, the issue of dua (supplication).

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