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April 22, 2012

2

The Rights of the Quran and some tips on how to fulfill them – Part 4

by Umm Muawiyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here are Parts 1, 2 and 3.]

[A very important note: I’ve mentioned my email address on this blog so that SISTERS can contact me. I’ve said this over and over again.

I do not want any emails from any brothers and I will not reply to anyone that does so. There are plenty of brothers around to ask questions to, so why email a woman for the answers??

Also, I would advise all the brothers to only comment on the blog when necessary in order to avoid any fitnah (trials).

I would advise the sisters to do the same when they read blogs run by brothers i.e. comment only when necessary.]

4) To act upon it

One of my former teachers told us something I’ll never forget. She said: “The Quran was not revealed except to be applied.”

Subhan Allah, the reason that it stayed with me was because she was my hifdh (Quran memorisation) teacher! Many times, we tend to forget the real purpose of the Quran and just focus on memorising.

Allah revealed the Quran to inform us how we need to worship Him and the rewards that one gets for doing that. He also mentioned the people of the past who worshipped Him and the good end that they got, despite all the hardships that they endured.

The last right that I discussed was understanding the Quran. Understanding should lead to pondering which should lead to action.

Action of what, you ask?

– Action of the heart

This includes love of Allah, hoping in Him, fearing Him, and putting one’s trust (tawakkul) in Him.

Action of the tongue

This include dhikr (remembrance) and good speech.

– Action of the limbs

This includes praying, giving charity, fasting, doing Hajj, showing good manners, keeping family ties, serving guests, etc.

Allah mentions two kinds of people in the Quran: the good ones and the bad ones. He also mentions the characteristics of each.

Why? So that we can work on attaining the good characteristics and avoiding the bad ones.

Allah didn’t just reveal the Quran for us, rather He sent us someone to teach the Quran and explain it to us in detail.

Indeed, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) showed us how to act according to the Quran.

فَقُلْتُ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ خُلُقِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَتْ أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ قُلْتُ بَلَى ‏.‏ قَالَتْ فَإِنَّ خُلُقَ نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ الْقُرْآنَ

“I (Saad ibn Hisham) said: Mother of the Believers, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). She said: Don’t you read the Quran? I said: Yes. Upon this she said: The character of the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihi wasallam) was the Quran.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 1623]

[The above is part of a very long hadeeth.]

So, we need to know the sunnah and also read his seerah (biography) in order to be able to follow in his footsteps. This way, we’ll be applying the Quran.

Applying the Quran is not the impossible task that some people make it out to be. We might not be able to apply each and every aspect but we need to start and then proceed to improve step by step.

Let me give you two simple examples that illustrate how we tend to overlook the easy stuff:

Example No. 1:

Suppose one is reciting the Quran and  comes across this ayah (verse):

إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِ‌ينَ وَالصَّابِرَ‌اتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُ‌وجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِ‌ينَ اللَّـهَ كَثِيرً‌ا وَالذَّاكِرَ‌اتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّـهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَ‌ةً وَأَجْرً‌ا عَظِيمًا

“Verily, the Muslim men and women, the believing men and women, the men and the women who are obedient, the men and women who are truthful, the men and the women who are patient, the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqaat (i.e. zakah, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).” [Surah Al-Ahzab (33) : 35]

Here, Allah mentions ten traits of the people of Paradise. So one should strive to achieve all these traits.

Now, what’s the FIRST thing that one should do in order to achieve these traits?

That would be dua (supplication).

[This would also cause one to get closer to applying one of the above traits: remembering Allah much.]

Amazingly, most people forget this step! Yet Allah says:

وَقَالَ رَ‌بُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُ‌ونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِ‌ينَ

“And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!”” [Surah Ghafir (40) : 60]

So, by doing dua to Allah, we apply the above ayah and we also open the doors to applying the other ayaat (verses).

[Of course, many people, when they come across the above ayah, forget to do dua, so that’s another loss for them.]

Example No. 2:

Suppose one is reciting Surah Al-Furqan. Allah mentions some traits of His slaves:

وَعِبَادُ الرَّ‌حْمَـٰنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْ‌ضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا

“And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 63]

وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَ‌بِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا

“And those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 64]

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَ‌بَّنَا اصْرِ‌فْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَ‌امًا

إِنَّهَا سَاءَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّ‌ا وَمُقَامًا

“And those who say: “Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! Its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment. Evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell.”” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 65-66]

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِ‌فُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُ‌وا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا

“And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes).” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 67]

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّـهِ إِلَـٰهًا آخَرَ‌ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّ‌مَ اللَّـهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا

“And those who invoke not any other ilaah (god) along with Allah, nor kill such life as Allah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does this shall receive the punishment.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 68]

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَشْهَدُونَ الزُّورَ‌ وَإِذَا مَرُّ‌وا بِاللَّغْوِ مَرُّ‌وا كِرَ‌امًا

“And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 72]

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُ‌وا بِآيَاتِ رَ‌بِّهِمْ لَمْ يَخِرُّ‌وا عَلَيْهَا صُمًّا وَعُمْيَانًا

“And those who, when they are reminded of the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat.” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 73]

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَ‌بَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّ‌يَّاتِنَا قُرَّ‌ةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

“And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqoon (pious).”” [Surah Al-Furqan (25) : 74]

Now, obviously, we would start with dua (supplication) i.e. that we become of His slaves mentioned in this Surah. This trait is also mentioned in the above ayaat (that they don’t invoke anyone except Allah).

What next? What else can one apply RIGHT NOW?

What about the the two ayaat in red? Both of them are supplications that these slaves say, so what’s stopping us from reciting these two duas (in Arabic obviously) so that we can at least start to attain two of the traits mentioned??

Now, someone might say “Hey, what if a childless 90 year old widow is reciting the last ayah? What’s the point? She’s too old to have a husband or kids!”

The ultimate point of reciting this dua (or any other dua for that matter) is not to get the husband and kids.  The point is to worship Allah.

So, we should recite these duas no matter what our circumstances are.

Interestingly enough, one of the traits mentioned is those who when they are reminded of Allah’s ayaat, are not deaf. If one takes the above steps, one will avoid being deaf to the ayaat but if one just recites without paying attention to what they are reading, haven’t they acted contrary to this trait?

So, we should remember to interact with the Quran and try to apply whatever we can.

And we definitely shouldn’t forget the easy stuff.

To be continued…

2 Comments Post a comment
  1. Umm Musa
    Apr 23 2012

    Walaikum assalaam warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
    Jazakillahu khayran for the post.

    Reply
    • Umm Muawiyah
      Apr 23 2012

      Assalamu Alaikum.

      Wa iyyaki.

      I’m so sorry for not replying to your other comments. I’ll get around to it, insha-Allah.

      How is everything with you?

      Reply

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