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July 22, 2012

2

An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 21

by Umm Muawiyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here’s Day 20.]

[Note#1: This series started last Ramadan so for those who missed it, here’s Day 1.

Note #2: I made a mistake in yesterday’s post (which I corrected now). The ayah (verse) mentioned after the ayah about Ramadan is the one in Surah Al-Baqarah, not the one in Surah Al-Ghafir. May Allah reward the sister who pointed this out to me.]

9. Why do we need to know about shirk (polytheism) in dua (supplication) if we’re only calling upon Allah alone?

a) A thing is known through its opposite.

We won’t truly understand what “dry” is until we know what “wet” is.

We won’t truly understand what “hot” is until we know what “cold” is.

In the same way, we won’t understand the beauty of tawheed (worshipping Allah alone) if we don’t understand the ugliness of shirk (attributing partners to Allah).

Also, knowing what shirk is, will protect us from falling into it.

b) If we think we are safe from a fitnah (trial), we have already fallen into it.

I attended a lecture last week where the sister, may Allah reward her greatly, pointed out that we shouldn’t read the ayaat (verses) that talk about things like alcohol, for example, and imagine that it is not for us because we are too far removed from these things and we cannot fall into it.

She pointed out that thinking in this manner shows that we have already started to fall into it.

Subhan Allah, this is how Shaytan (the devil) plays the game. He first makes us think that we are safe, so that we know longer take any precautions, and after that he strikes!

The fear of falling into sin is a protection. So what happens when this protection is no longer there?

And to those who feel safe from ever committing shirk: What do you have to say about the following ayah?

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَ‌اهِيمُ رَ‌بِّ اجْعَلْ هَـٰذَا الْبَلَدَ آمِنًا وَاجْنُبْنِي وَبَنِيَّ أَن نَّعْبُدَ الْأَصْنَامَ

“And (remember) when Ibrahim said: “O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah) one of peace and security, and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols.” [Surah Ibrahim (14) : 35]

Ibrahim (alaihissalam) is a Prophet, the khaleel (close friend) of Allah and is the second greatest man after Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). His two sons, Ismail and Ishaaq (alaihimissalam) were also prophets. Yet look at his dua!!!

As one of the scholars pointed out, which one of us is safe from shirk after Ibrahim (alaihissalaam)???

[Note to parents: What do you ask Allah for with regards to your children? Is it to keep them on the right path and upon tawheed? Or is it a good education, good manners, a good job, a good spouse, etc???

c) It will help us in dawah (calling to Islam).

Sadly, many Muslims don’t do much dawah today. And if they do it, most of them do not focus on the main thing which is tawheed.

Some of them say: “Oh everyone knows about tawheed. It only takes five minutes to learn.”

We seek refuge in Allah from such misguidance.

If everyone knows about tawheed, then why do so many Muslims go to graves and ask their occupants for things? Don’t they know that this goes against tawheed?

If tawheed only takes five minutes to learn, then why did the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) devote the entire Makkan era (13 years) to calling to tawheed? Why is it that he kept calling to it until his dying moment?

[The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) got the revelation for 23 years; 13 years in Makkah and 10 in Madinah.]

سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، قبل أن يموت بخمس ، وهو يقول ” إني أبرأ إلى الله أن يكون لي منكم خليل . فإن الله تعالى قد اتخذني خليلا ، كما اتخذ إبراهيم خليلا . ولو كنت متخذ من أمتي خليلا لاتخذت أبا بكر خليلا . ألا وإن من كان قبلكم كانوا يتخذون قبور أنبيائهم وصالحيهم مساجد . ألا فلا تتخذوا القبور مساجد . إني أنهاكم عن ذلك ” .

Jundub (radiallahu anhu) reported: I heard from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) five days before his death and he said: “I stand acquitted before Allah that I took any one of you as friend, for Allah has taken me as His friend, as he took Ibrahim as His friend. Had I taken any one of my Ummah as a friend, I would have taken Abu Bakr as a friend. Beware of those who preceded you and used to take the graves of their prophets and righteous men as places of worship, but you must not take graves as mosques; I forbid you to do that.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 1083]

أن عائشة وعبد الله بن عباس قالا : لما نزل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، طفق يطرح خميصة له على وجهه ، فإذا اغتم بها كشفها عن وجهه ، فقال وهو كذلك : لعنة الله على اليهود والنصارى ، اتخذوا قبور أنبيائهم مساجد . يحذر ما صنعوا 

When the last moment of the life of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) came he started putting his ‘Khamisa’ on his face and when he felt hot and short of breath he took it off his face and said, “May Allah curse the Jews and Christians for they built the places of worship at the graves of their Prophets.” The Prophet was warning (Muslims) of what those had done.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 1, Hadeeth No. 427]

Many Muslims today don’t understand the full meaning of the Shahaadah (the testimony of faith).

It does not just mean “There is no Creator but Allah” because if this were the case, most of the non-Muslims would be within Islam! Even the pagans in the Prophet’s time (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) believed this as did those before them. Their problem was that they did not single out Allah for worship. So they directed acts of worship like dua, slaughtering, taking oaths, etc to other than Allah.

And this is why they did not accept Islam. They knew that the Shahaadah meant “There is none worthy of worship except Allah” and that would mean an end to asking Allah through their idols.

Don’t believe me?

Here’s what Allah said:

وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُم مَّنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْ‌ضَ لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّـهُ ۚ قُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُ‌هُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

“And if you ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth,” they will certainly say: “Allah.” Say: “All the praises and thanks be to Allah!” But most of them know not.” [Surah Luqman (31) : 25]

قُلْ مَن يَرْ‌زُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْ‌ضِ أَمَّن يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ‌ وَمَن يُخْرِ‌جُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِ‌جُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ‌ الْأَمْرَ‌ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللَّـهُ ۚ فَقُلْ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ

“Say: “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allah.” Say: ‘Will you not then be afraid of Allah’s Punishment?’” [Surah Yunus (10) : 31]

وَإِلَىٰ عَادٍ أَخَاهُمْ هُودًا ۗ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّـهَ مَا لَكُم مِّنْ إِلَـٰهٍ غَيْرُ‌هُ ۚ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ

الَ الْمَلَأُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُ‌وا مِن قَوْمِهِ إِنَّا لَنَرَ‌اكَ فِي سَفَاهَةٍ وَإِنَّا لَنَظُنُّكَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ

قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ لَيْسَ بِي سَفَاهَةٌ وَلَـٰكِنِّي رَ‌سُولٌ مِّن رَّ‌بِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

أُبَلِّغُكُمْ رِ‌سَالَاتِ رَ‌بِّي وَأَنَا لَكُمْ نَاصِحٌ أَمِينٌ

أَوَعَجِبْتُمْ أَن جَاءَكُمْ ذِكْرٌ‌ مِّن رَّ‌بِّكُمْ عَلَىٰ رَ‌جُلٍ مِّنكُمْ لِيُنذِرَ‌كُمْ ۚ وَاذْكُرُ‌وا إِذْ جَعَلَكُمْ خُلَفَاءَ مِن بَعْدِ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَزَادَكُمْ فِي الْخَلْقِ بَسْطَةً ۖ فَاذْكُرُ‌وا آلَاءَ اللَّـهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

قَالُوا أَجِئْتَنَا لِنَعْبُدَ اللَّـهَ وَحْدَهُ وَنَذَرَ‌ مَا كَانَ يَعْبُدُ آبَاؤُنَا ۖ فَأْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ

“And to Aad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilaah but Him. Will you not fear (Allah)?” The leaders of those who disbelieved among his people said: “Verily, we see you in foolishness, and verily, we think you are one of the liars.” (Hud) said: “O my people! There is no foolishness in me, but (I am) a Messenger from the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)! I convey unto you the Messages of my Lord, and I am a trustworthy adviser for you. Do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder from your Lord through a man from amongst you that he may warn you? And remember that He made you successors after the people of Nuh, and increased you amply in stature. So remember the graces (bestowed upon you) from Allah, so that you may be successful.“ They said: ‘You have come to us that we should worship Allah Alone and forsake that which our fathers used to worship. So bring us that wherewith you have threatened us if you are of the truthful.’” [Surah Al-Araaf (7) : 65-70]

So the people of the past affirmed that Allah was the creator. Despite their affirmation, they were not believers as they did not single out Allah for worship.

If affirming that “Allah is the only creator” is enough to make one a Muslim, what should we make of Iblees’ (the devil) statement:

قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَلَّا تَسْجُدَ إِذْ أَمَرْ‌تُكَ ۖ قَالَ أَنَا خَيْرٌ‌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ‌ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ

“(Allah) said: “What prevented you that you did not prostrate, when I commanded you?” Iblees said: ‘I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.’” [Surah Al-Araaf (7) : 12]

So just because many non-Muslims say “We believe in One God”, it doesn’t make them believers because they do not single out this God for worship and they don’t believe in His final Prophet.

[I had to point this out because I have got this question SO MANY TIMES.]

Sadly, today many people take issues of shirk very lightly and take other issues, which are less important like politics, sports, personal fights, etc, as something very important!

So when they see someone supplicating to other than Allah they say “Oh it’s their business” or “It’s not good but it’s not haram (unlawful)” or “How can we tell them to stop?” or “Oh they won’t listen to us!”

If these same grave worshippers spoke to their children or parents rudely (far less of a sin!), they would come running like raging bulls and demand that they stop.

If only they revered the rights of Allah, the way they revered the rights of their parents and children!

If only they realised that the dawah to tawheed was what all the Prophets (alaihimissalaam) were sent to call to!

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّ‌سُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّـهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ

“And Verily, we have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid Taghoot (all false deities).“” [Surah An-Nahl (16) : 36]

وَمَا أَرْ‌سَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّ‌سُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ

“And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad) but We inspired him (saying): None has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah), so worship Me (Alone).” [Surah Al-Anbiya (21) : 25]

[I’m not even going to discuss the silly chirp of “Tawheed divides the ummah (nation)” in this post. That’s for a future post, insha-Allah, but anyone can figure out the sheer foolishness of that statement.]

Those who do dawah should know that when these grave worshippers are told that calling out to dead people is shirk, they huff and puff and get very, very offended and they say that they are only asking Allah through them as these pious (dead) people have more “wasta”* with Allah.

[I think the translation might be “connections”? This is a very Emarati word.]

That might sound convincing to some because they might not have come across the follow ayah:

أَلَا لِلَّـهِ الدِّينُ الْخَالِصُ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ مَا نَعْبُدُهُمْ إِلَّا لِيُقَرِّ‌بُونَا إِلَى اللَّـهِ زُلْفَىٰ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي مَا هُمْ فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَهْدِي مَنْ هُوَ كَاذِبٌ كَفَّارٌ‌

“Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take Auliyaa (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say): “We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.” Verily, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever.” [Surah Az-Zumar (39) : 3]

[Some people say that this ayah is only for non-Muslims. Well then, what is it doing in our Book which was sent to us so we could ponder over its ayaat (verses)? Perhaps we are being warned to not fall into this?]

Many of them just don’t seem to get it. 

“What’s wrong with asking Allah through someone?”, they will say.

Erm, what’s wrong with asking the bathroom cleaner of a company when the boss’ door is open?

[And for Allah is the Highest example. This was just to point out how nonsensical doing dua to other than Allah is!]

Another thing that the grave worshippers say is “We’re too lowly and too sinful to ask Allah directly.”

Subhan Allah, Allah the Most High, As-Samee (the All-hearer), Al-Qareeb (the One who is close), Al-Mujeeb (the One who responds) has asked all of us to ask Him and this is what they say???

If only they would realise that Allah is the only One who can forgive their sins which is why they need to turn to Him alone.

Also, if they are “too sinful”, it is BECAUSE of their asking Allah through the dead. That is a huge sin, something that expels a person from the fold of Islam.

What is one of the main reasons that people fall into these issues? It’s because they do not know the Rights of Allah, nor do they know His Names and Attributes.

So, all of us need to take time out to study these things because there is NOTHING more important than this.

This was just an overview of this issue (of shirk in dua). I’ll discuss this more in the series on the Major Sins, insha-Allah.

I’ll continue with more issues related to dua tomorrow, as well as four Names of Allah, which are related to this topic. [Would anyone like to take a guess?]

To be continued…

2 Comments Post a comment
  1. rehana
    Jul 23 2012

    Waalaikumusalam,
    I am so thankful to Allah (swt) that He inspired you to do this series – (reminds me of how He inspired me to reach out to a book tittled “The Most Beautiful Names of Allah” in an islamic bookshop few years back & there is no turning back since) I really don’t know how to express my gratitude for your effort in explaining His Names & Attributes in such detail with so many references – May Allah reward you immensely Especially for this series.
    About tomorrow’s 4 names related to Al Mujeeb, Al Qareeb & As Samee could be Al Khabir (the All Aware), Al Raqib (the Watchful), Al Baseer (the All Seer), Ash-Shahid (the Witness) – hope I got it right.
    Once again, Jazaakallah Khair

    Reply
    • Umm Muawiyah
      Jul 23 2012

      Assalamu Alaikum Sister.

      How are you?

      Jazakillahu kheira for the encouragement.

      Well, given how much you’ve encouraged me in the past on this blog, I think I should be the one expressing my gratitude, not the other way round.

      Well, those Names are a very good guess and I was planning to discuss two of them in the future and link them back to As-Samee, insha-Allah. Now I’ll add the other two that I missed (Ar-Raqeeb and Ash-Shahid). Jazakillahu kheira!

      The Names that I’m going to discuss today are with regards to one aspect of dua. Want to guess again?

      Baarakallahu feek.

      Reply

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