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Posts from the ‘Prayer in Ramadan’ Category

20
Jul

An Introduction to the Lord of the Worlds – Day 19

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here’s Day 18. That’s where I stopped last year. I’ll just continue using the same numbering system.]

Note: Last year I forgot to mention some of the sources that I’m using for this series. I’m using this book compiled from Tafsir As-Saadi, Shaikh ibn Uthaimeen’s explanation of Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah as well as my teacher Ustadh Aziz Farhan’s explanation of it (these are class notes so they are not publicly available), Fiqh Al-Asmaa was-Sifaat by Shaikh Abdur Razzaq Al-Abbaad, Sharh Asma Allah Al-Husna by Shaikh Saeed ibn Wahf Al-Qahtani (the author of the Fortress of the Muslim) as well as some other sources depending on the Names being discussed.

11. He is As-Samee (The All-Hearer), Al-Qareeb (the One who is close) and Al-Mujeeb (the One who answers). He is the One who has commanded us to supplicate to Him alone and loves that we do so.

As usual, let’s take this step by step:

1) He is As-Samee (the All-Hearer), whose Hearing is Perfect and encompasses all sounds and languages.

Allah says:

مَّن كَانَ يُرِ‌يدُ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا فَعِندَ اللَّـهِ ثَوَابُ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَ‌ةِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرً‌ا

“Whoever desires a reward in this life of the world, then with Allah (Alone and none else) is the reward of this worldly life and of the Hereafter. And Allah is Ever All­-Hearer, All­-Seer.” [Surah An-Nisaa (4) : 134]

فَإِنْ آمَنُوا بِمِثْلِ مَا آمَنتُم بِهِ فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوا ۖ وَّإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا هُمْ فِي شِقَاقٍ ۖ فَسَيَكْفِيكَهُمُ اللَّـهُ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

“So if they believe in the like of that which you believe, then they are rightly guided, but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So Allah will suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” [Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 137]

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16
Apr

Seriously Short Reminder No. 29: Remember to move over…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“Could you please move over a bit so I can sit here?”

“What? No way! This is MY place. I came here first. Go find another place!”

Sound familiar?

Sadly enough, the answer is yes.

Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمْ تَفَسَّحُوا فِي الْمَجَالِسِ فَافْسَحُوا يَفْسَحِ اللَّـهُ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِذَا قِيلَ انشُزُوا فَانشُزُوا يَرْ‌فَعِ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَ‌جَاتٍ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ‌

“O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room. Allah will give you (ample) room (from His Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause), or for any other good deed], rise up. Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.” [Surah Al-Mujaadilah (58) : 11]

Alright, one more time then.

“Could you please move over a bit so I can sit here?”

“Sure. Come on over.”

That’s more like it.

19
Aug

Some resources for the Last Ten Days and Eid

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Yes, they’re almost upon us – the best nights of the year.

No more napping. We need to take some action.

This Ramadan, I haven’t posted many resources because I did that last year.

I thought I would just link to the useful ones:

[All of these link to the post which contains the resource.]

Last Ten Days, Laylatul Qadr, Itikaf, Zakaatul Fitr and Eid

Articles / Books

1) When is Laylatul Qadr? [Don’t forget to read this one!]

2) The Excellence of the Night of Qadr

3) The Last Ten Days of Ramadan

4)  A Guide to the Last Ten Days

5) Why have the Muslims forsaken Itikaaf?

6) Resources for Itikaf – Umm Muawiyah’s very own guide as to what you REALLY need for itikaf.

7) “There is no Itikaf except in the three Masjids”

8) A Book on Zakaatul Fitr

[Note: It seems that some people get confused between Zakaah and Zakaatul Fitr. They are two totally different things.]

9) Resources for Eid

10) Some more Resources for Eid

Lectures

1) Making the Most of the End of Ramadan

2) Focusing on Laylatul Qadr and Itikaaf

3) Rulings and Virtues of Itikaf

4) Zakaatul Fitr – Is it money or food?

Is this the last post for this Ramadan, you ask?

I wish but no. A few more to go, insha-Allah…

6
Aug

Juz by Juz summary of the Quran

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Last year, I had linked to the summarisation of the first 12 ajzaa (plural of juz) of the Quran.

That was by Brother Abu Taubah.

Last year, he had another series on summarising each Juz which was aired on some channel.

That series is being uploaded on this website juz by juz on a daily basis so that everyone can get a chance to view it before the taraweeh prayers of that day*.

[For the newbies: The Quran has 30 ajzaa, so the imams generally recite 1 Juz a day so as to complete the whole Quran in Ramadan.]

The summaries should help both with the taraweeh and understanding of the Quran, insha-Allah.

29
Jul

Seriously Short Reminder No. 25: Remember to use the siwak…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Siwak = Miswak]

What’s a “siwak”, you ask?

Well, it looks like this:

Why should we use it?

Well, some of the reasons would be:

لولا أن أشق على أمتي ، أو على الناس لأمرتهم بالسواك مع كل صلاة

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “If I had not found it hard for my nation or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every prayer.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 2, Hadeeth No. 12]

السواك مطهرة للفم ، مرضاة للرب

Aishah (radiallahu anha) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Siwak is a means of purification for the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.” [Sunan An-Nasai, Hadeeth No. 5. Graded “sahih” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan An-Nasai, Hadeeth No. 5]

One should use it at the time of wudhu (ablution).

And yes, we can use it whilst fasting.

This is one of those “easy” good deeds that we can do all the time, and especially in Ramadan.

28
Jul

Ramadan 2011 Prep Tip #5: Increase in the voluntary prayers – Part 3

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here are Parts 1 and 2.]

Are there more prayers to pray, you ask?

Of course.

Salah (prayer) is the primary way of applying tawheed (worshipping Allah alone) so there are LOTS of occasions to pray.

Many times, we get overwhelmed by the different types of prayers but we shouldn’t.

Let’s just think of them as even more ways of worshipping and pleasing the Lord of the Worlds.

So what are the other prayers?

Well, at this point, it would be better for a person to read a book on the fiqh (jurisprudence) of salah.

However, I’ll give you a rundown of some of the prayers that we can do in Ramadan:

a) Prayer done after doing wudhu (ablution)

It’s 2 rakaahs and can be done after every new wudhu.

b) Tahiyyatul Masjid

This is the 2 rakaahs that one does after entering the masjid (“mosque”) and before sitting down.

Even if one walks in during the middle of the Friday khutbah (sermon), one should do this prayer and then sit down to listen to the khutbah.

Note: Some scholars consider it obligatory to pray this once one has entered the masjid.

c) Salatul Istighafar / Taubah (Prayer of Repentance)

This is not a condition of repentance being accepted* but it’s always nice to do this after one repents from any sin.

Try it. You’ll feel like a newly hatched chicken.

[*Generally speaking the conditions of repentance from any sin are: 1) Regret committing the sin 2) Stop committing the sin immediately and 3) Decide never to do it again.]

d) Salatul Istikhara (Prayer for guidance)

Once upon a time, people did this for all occasions. At present, it seems that many Muslims only do it when they are making up their minds about the big M.

Note: You need to decide on the issue and THEN pray Salatul Istikhara.

Insha-Allah,  I might mention more about this prayer in a future post because many people have misunderstandings about it.

e) Salatul Janazah (Funeral Prayers)

This one is done in the masjid and it has no rukoo and no sajdah (prostration).

[Those who go to Makkah or Madinah can pray this frequently because Masjid Al-Haram and Masjid An-Nabawi always seem to have funeral prayers after every prayer.]

A small bit of advice: If you pray in a masjid where they pray Salatul Janazah, then try to do it as well. These prayers are one of the things that cause the sins of the dead person to be wiped away (to some degree).

Which one of us would not like our sins to be reduced after we die? So, let’s do this for our brothers and sisters.

[This prayer is really easy.]

What about Taraweeh, you ask?

That goes under Qiyam Al-Layl.

So, let’s make this a Ramadan where we pray more and where we pray better i.e. with more khushoo (humility).

25
Jul

Ramadan 2011 Prep Tip #5: Increase in the voluntary prayers – Part 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Here’s Part 1.]

[Note: I haven’t mentioned the ahadeeth in this part either. If anyone wants a particular reference, please feel free to ask.]

Okay, suppose you’re already doing the fard and rawatib prayers.

What else can you do?

Note: Once again, you don’t have to do all of them at once. Start step by step and increase in them as much as you are able to do so.

1) Nawafil

These are the supererogatory prayers. [Look, this is what they’re officially called. I don’t even know the meaning of that word.]

They are less important than the rawatib. The four rakahs before Asr fall under this category, as do the two rakah before Maghrib.

The two rakahs after the two rakahs of rawatib after the Dhuhr (that was a mouthful) are also nawafil.

Are there more nawafil? I think so and I also read about there being some differences of opinion on which ones they are. However, these are the only ones that I am sure of.

As for the four rakahs that many people pray before Isha, I tried to find the evidence for it, but thus far have been unable to do so.

There is evidence for two of those rakahs, if they are prayed between the adhan and the iqaamah (as there is a well-known authentic hadeeth on this issue).

If anyone has more information on this issue, then please do share it with us.

2) Dhuha

This prayer starts about 20 minutes after sunrise and ends about 15-20 minutes before Dhuhr.

The minimum number of rakahs is 2.

What about the maximum, you ask? Well, there is a difference of opinion on this. Some scholars say 8, others say 12 and yet others say that there is no upper limit.

If you’re not sure, don’t exceed 8 rakaahs.

The best time to pray Dhuha is in its latest time.

Here’s a short article on the Dhuha prayer.

3) Tahajjud / Qiyam Al-Layl

Yes, they’re both the same prayer.

The time starts after Isha prayer* until the adhan of Fajr. [Witr is part of Qiyam al-Layl.]

[In two places, I’ve heard that it starts after Maghrib. I need to do more research on this issue though, insha-Allah.]

When is it best to do it? Well, in the last third of the night. [The night lasts from Maghrib until Fajr.]

Qiyam Al-Layl is the best prayer after the fard prayers. It’s also one of the most difficult prayers because of its timing.

However, I think everyone will agree that it is also the most satisfying prayer (when we actually manage to crawl out of bed and actually do it, I mean).

These days, we seemed to have singled out Ramadan for Qiyam Al-Layl which is most unfortunate.

The early Muslims were OBLIGATED to spend the WHOLE night in prayer. [Please read the explanation of Surah Al-Muzzammil.]

Why? In order to strengthen them.

Subhan Allah, we are so worried about not getting enough sleep. Due to this, we don’t pray Qiyam Al-Layl and we sleep after Fajr.

And we really don’t have much time in the day nor do we have that much energy.

All of this, despite us “taking care of our sleep”.

The early generations on the other hand, seemed to be more concerned about worshipping Allah. Because of this, it seems that the little sleep that they got was more blessed than the huge amount of sleep that we get.

Despite their “little” sleep, they didn’t have to sleep after Fajr, they had lots of time and lots of energy.

So, perhaps this Ramadan, we should worry less about our sleep and more about worshipping Allah and pleasing Him, and insha-Allah, we will see a big difference.

To be continued…

12
Jul

Sukainah’s questions to her dad…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Sukainah who, you ask?

Sukainah bint Muhammad Nasiruddin Al-Albani.

She’s the daughter of that guy who authenticated thousands of hadeeth.

Oh and he also happened to be one of the greatest scholars of our time.

Nothing to write home about (not if you’re part of that family anyway).

So, whilst Shaikh Al-Albani (rahimahullah) was alive, his daughter asked him a few questions.

And then she posted these questions on her blog under the label: “I asked my father”.

Two of these questions were about Ramadan and a brother has translated both of them on his blog:

Shaikh al-Albaani’s Daughter asking her Father about Devoting Oneself to Reciting the Quraan to the Exclusion of other Acts of Worship in Ramadaan

How does a Menstruating Woman Worship During the Night of Decree?

I had written an article on the second topic last year. However, Shaikh Al-Albani makes a terrific point about how the ibaadah (worship) of the woman prior to her menstruation would make a difference. The same issue applies to ill people as well. It’s an excellent point that everyone needs to understand.

PS. He mentions the 27th night in particular as he holds that this is Laylatul Qadr. However, as I explained in this post, there is a difference of opinion of the scholars on this issue.

9
Jun

Ramadan 2011 Prep Tip #5: Increase in the voluntary prayers – Part 1

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[Note: Due to the fact that I’m half-asleep at the time of writing this, I won’t be putting up the evidence for the prayers. They’re all fairly well-known though.

If anyone wants the evidence for any of the points, please say so and I’ll put it up later, insha-Allah.]

Okay, so we’re working on our khushoo (humility) in the fard (obligatory) prayer.

What’s next? Well, that would be doing some of the other voluntary prayers on a regular basis. One of the virtues of the voluntary prayers is that, on the Last Day, they will compensate for the missed obligatory ones.

[Does a person sin if they do voluntary prayers one day and not the next?

NO, because they are voluntary not obligatory. However, one of the characteristics of the believers is regularity in doing the voluntary acts.

Proof? It’s all over the Quran and the Sunnah. Just look at how many times Allah mentions those who give charity or those who pray at night. Aren’t both of these acts voluntary?

Too often, many Muslims just stick to doing the obligatory acts. Whilst this is permitted, it is not a great thing. If we want to get closer to Allah, we need to start doing the acts which are voluntary and do them on a regular basis.]

On the Last Day, the voluntary prayers will compensate for the missed obligatory ones.

Okay, so which voluntary prayers can we offer?

Well, I would suggest starting with the 2 sunnah rakaahs before the (fard) Fajr prayer.

After this, one could add the witr (the time of which is from after the Isha prayer until before the adhan of Fajr). The witr prayer consists of at least ONE rakaah.It could also be 3, 5, 7, etc.

So, that’s 2 at the beginning of the day and 1 at the end.

What else?

You could do the rawatib prayers (there’s a nice house in Paradise for those who pray these).

Which ones are the rawatib prayers, you ask?

Well, the 2 rakaah of Fajr is one of the 12 rawatib prayers. The rest are mentioned below:

[Fard is in blue and Rawatib is in red.]

Fajr: 2   2

[That means that Fajr has two rakaahs of sunnah (rawatib) followed by the 2-rakaah fard prayer.]

Dhuhr: 2 2 4 2

[Some narrations imply that there are only 2 rawatib before Dhuhr but other narrations imply that there are 4.]

Asr: 4

[The 4 rakaahs before the Asr prayer are nawafil, not rawatib.]

Maghrib: 3 2

Isha: 4 2 W

[W = Witr]

Okay, some people might say “Oh, there are so many prayers!”

Well, nobody said that you had to start doing all the rawatib at once. This is a big misconception that many people have. They assume that you have to do all 12 or else leave all 12.

Yes, in order to get that house in Paradise mentioned in the hadeeth, you need to do all 12 on a regular basis. However, suppose you regularly pray the Fajr and Maghrib rawatib. You are still going to get the reward for those.

So, don’t leave all 12 just because you can’t do all 12.

You could aim to pray all 12 on a daily basis but then make sure that you try to do a portion of them regularly.

For example, suppose that tomorrow you decided you would never miss the Fajr rawatib.

You try this for one month. During this month, you pray some of the others but not consistently.

In the next month, you decide that you are going to be consistent with the Maghrib rawatib.

So, for this month, you pray both the Fajr and Maghrib rawatib regularly. As for the others, you might do them but not consisently.

Then, in the third month, you decide you’re going to pray two rakaahs before the Dhuhr prayr. So, you pray this and the Fajr and Maghrib rawatib consistently for this month.

And on this goes until you are consistent with all 12 rakaahs.

When I say “consistent”, it means that you do them every single day and never leave them* even if you are very tired.

[*An exception to this would be whilst traveling because the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) only prayed the Fajr rawatib and one rakaah of witr (along with the fard prayers, of course) at this time.]

Obviously, if you are very ill, you might have difficulty doing them. If you are unable to, then at least be sure to be regular with them when you get better. Don’t let this habit go.

In the next part, insha-Allah, I’ll talk about the tahajjud, dhuha, nawafil, etc prayers.

To be continued…