بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
For some reason, many of us forget the rules and regulation related to fasting (although we study it every year).
So, as usual, here’s something for this year: A Concise Study Guide to Fasting During the Month of Ramadan
It’s a translation of the chapter on fasting from the book “Akhsarul Mukhtasaraat” (The Most Concise Summary) by Imam Ibn Al-Balban (rahimahullah) who died…..350 years ago.
The book, from where this chapter comes from, is one of the most famous books of Hanbali* fiqh (jurisprudence). In fact, it’s one of the basic books that students are advised to start with.
[*For those who might be unaware: This is one of the four schools of fiqh, the others being Hanafi, Shafi and Maliki.]
The translator, may Allah reward him, has added some parts of Shaikh Saleh Al-Fawzan’s explanation of this book.
I’d advise everyone to read through it.
Note: If you want something more detailed or if you prefer audio, you can find plenty of resources in the relevant categories in the top navigation bar (or you can just use the search bar. That’s what I do – and I wrote all the posts!)
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
[Fiqh = Jurisprudence. It sort of means the rulings regarding a particular thing.]
Last year, I put up a lot of resources on studying the fiqh of fasting so I thought I’d link to some of those again.
Which resource should you use?
Well, it depends on your level. If you are a beginner, try to choose one and stick with that for now.
However, if you are a student of knowledge, then you should try to go through as many of them as possible.
Also, I’d advise everyone to take notes and summarise the points in your Ramadan journal. That way, you won’t have to go through these books and lectures each year. All you have to do is to read your own notes.
[Note: The links take you to the earlier posts which contain the resources. I haven’t linked to the resources directly.]
1) Basic Fiqh for Ramadan by Brother Abu Taubah.
Nice and simple.
2) Ramadan Rulings By Brother Moosa Khoory
Also nice and simple. Oh and he’s also from the UAE.
3) 186 Rules for Ramadan by Brother Waleed Basyouni.
Good series. It mentions all the required issues.
He also has another lecture entitled “How to make this your best Ramadan ever“.
4) The Month of Mercy by Brother Abu Abdissalam
For those who like British accents.
Both of these are from a seminar entitled “From the Moon to the Spoon”….
6) Fasting in Ramadan by Shaikh Saleh As-Saleh
Covers just about every important topic related to Ramadan.
7) Fiqh of Siyaam by Brother Abdur Rauf Shakir
I haven’t linked to this before. His lectures are really detailed, masha-Allah. It’s very good for students of knowledge.
8) Two free courses from Islamic Online University
For those who prefer to study properly.
Books / Articles
1) The Fast of Ramadan by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Jamil Zino
Nice, simple, well-organized book.
2) Ramadan and Fasting by Brother Abdel Kader Kamel Tayeb.
Organised in a different way but that makes it more appealing.
Summarises the rules of fasting.
4) Rulings Pertaining to Ramadan by Shaikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid
All the fatwas from Islam Q and A.
5) Ramadan as observed by the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) by Shaikh Saleem Al-Hilali and Shaikh Alee Hasan Al-Halabee
6) Lessons on Fasting, Taraweeh and Zakaah by Shaikh Muhammad Saalih Aal- Uthaimeeen (rahimahullah)
Simple book? Of course. Didn’t you notice the “Uthaimeen” in the author’s name?
7) The Nature of Fasting by Imam Ibn Taimiyyah (rahimahullah)
Just another book by one of the greatest scholars of all time.
Yes, it might be a bit late for this but better late than never.
[According to this lecture’s youtube page, the issues discussed include:
Intentions – are they mandatory & should they be uttered?
Innovations in the calendar! Fast begins at Fajar not 10 minutes prior.
Backbiting – *eating* the flesh of your brothers/sisters.
Avoid: TV, Internet, Social Networks, Time killers
Condition of those who only abstain from food/drink
Condition of those who fast & don’t establish prayers
Brush teeth while fasting? Can we swallow spit?.
Smelling perfume & tasting food?
Continue to fast upon waking up as a junoob – in state of janabah?]
Ramadan Issues by Abu Usamah Adh-Dhahabi
Still struggling to explain Ramadan to your kiddies?
Try the following lecture:
Ramadan for the Youth by Abu Taubah
I found a nice* piece on the fiqh of taraweeh.
[*It’s nice if you like hard core stuff, which I do. See, this is a translation of a chapter from the explanation of a classic Hanbali fiqh book.
So, if you don’t like the heavy stuff, this might not be for you. Although, I’d advise you to download it and read it anyway. You never know, you might like it.]
So, here it is: The Fiqh of Taraweeh.
Yes, another book.
It’s amazing just how much (free) information we have available, isn’t it? And are we trying to benefit from it?
This book is online: Ramadan and Fasting by Abdel Kader Kamel Tayeb.
There’s a nice intro where he explains why we fast. He also has a nice long section where he mentions the virtues of fasting and Ramadan.
Attention all parents [Yes Brothers, educating your child is your responsibility too, not just your wife’s.]: He also has a section called “Educating your children in Ramadan“.
I just discovered this book today so I haven’t read it. Overall, it seems quite decent though.
I discovered another Ramadan e-book in my e-library: The Fast of Ramadan by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Jameel Zino.
Some points that I noted as I quickly browsed through the book:
1) It’s very simple but he has covered just about all the topics related to Ramadan.
2) It’s extremely well-organised.
I remembered something as I browsed through it: the greater and more knowledgeable the author, the simpler the book. Don’t believe me? Just take a few books of the top scholars* of today and compare them to the books of the students of knowledge and you’ll see what I mean. The scholars have a simplicity to their writing that will really touch you.
[Unfortunately, this word is overused in our time. There are very few scholars in the world. For example, the UAE has NO scholars – although there are many people of knowledge here, alhamdulillah.
Who decides who is a scholar and who isn’t? Well, the scholars themselves. decide. When the scholars accept a person as a scholar, well then, he is a scholar.]
I haven’t listened to this lecture yet but it’s part of the “From the Moon to the Spoon Seminar“.
[I can’t believe that the people who chose an awesome title called “Fasting for the Everlasting” would also chose a dud like “From the Moon to the Spoon.”]
Fasting for the Everlasting By Shakiel Humayun
Okay, I haven’t watched this (not yet anyway). I guess those of here in the Emirates aren’t particularly concerned about this issue, as the government takes care of it.
I’d still advise you to watch it though. You never know where you might be on the 29th of Shaban….
[Note: This is part of a seminar called “From the Moon to the Spoon”. My first thought was of Neil Armstrong and babies until I found out that the seminar was about Ramadan..]
Fiqh of Moonsighting by Shakiel Humayun