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Posts tagged ‘Repentance’


To the “Ramadan Muslims”…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Okay, I wasn’t sure what the title of this post should be.

By “Ramadan Muslims”, I was referring to those who only worship Allah during Ramadan, or those like them who only worship Him during a specific time (e.g. during Hajj or during a calamity).

I recently heard a lecture series where the speaker, Shaikh Uthman Al-Khamees, pointed out the difference between two individuals: the one who always worshipped Allah and another who only believed when death came to him.

The former was Yunus (alaihissalam).

Allah says:

وَإِنَّ يُونُسَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْ‌سَلِينَ

إِذْ أَبَقَ إِلَى الْفُلْكِ الْمَشْحُونِ

فَسَاهَمَ فَكَانَ مِنَ الْمُدْحَضِينَ

“And, verily, Yunus was one of the Messengers, when he ran to the laden ship. He (agreed to) cast lots, and he was among the losers.

فَالْتَقَمَهُ الْحُوتُ وَهُوَ مُلِيمٌ

فَلَوْلَا أَنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الْمُسَبِّحِينَ

لَلَبِثَ فِي بَطْنِهِ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ

Then a (big) fish swallowed him and he had done an act worthy of blame. Had he not been of them who glorify Allah, he would have indeed remained inside its belly (the fish) till the Day of Resurrection.

فَنَبَذْنَاهُ بِالْعَرَ‌اءِ وَهُوَ سَقِيمٌ

وَأَنبَتْنَا عَلَيْهِ شَجَرَ‌ةً مِّن يَقْطِينٍ

وَأَرْ‌سَلْنَاهُ إِلَىٰ مِائَةِ أَلْفٍ أَوْ يَزِيدُونَ

فَآمَنُوا فَمَتَّعْنَاهُمْ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

But We cast him forth on the naked shore while he was sick,and We caused a plant of gourd to grow over him. And We sent him to a hundred thousand (people) or even more. And they believed; so We gave them enjoyment for a while.” [Surah As-Saffat (37) :139-148]

So, Allah states that had Yunus (alaihissalam) not been one of those that always glorified Him, he would not have been saved!

[And obviously, Yunus (alaihissalam) was one of those who always glorified Allah because he was a prophet.]

Yunus (alaihissalam) did the following dua (supplication) in the belly of the whale:

وَذَا النُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَن لَّن نَّقْدِرَ‌ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَىٰ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ أَن لَّا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْغَمِّ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُنجِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

“And (remember) Dhan-Noon (Jonah), when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him (i.e. the calamities which had befallen him)! But he cried through the darkness (saying): ‘None has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah)], Glorified (and Exalted) are You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers.’

So We answered his call, and delivered him from the distress. And thus We do deliver the believers (who believe in the Oneness of Allah, abstain from evil and work righteousness).” [Surah Al-Anbiya (21) : 88]

So, when he did dua, Allah saved him.

[And notice how he blames himself in the dua, not Allah.]

[Important point: Having any sort of bad thoughts about a Prophet is not permitted. Some people get a bit confused when they read this story, so it would be better for them to refer to the commentary of the Quran.]

As for the latter (the one who believed at the time of death), it was the Pharoah.

وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَ‌ائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ‌ فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْ‌عَوْنُ وَجُنُودُهُ بَغْيًا وَعَدْوًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَدْرَ‌كَهُ الْغَرَ‌قُ قَالَ آمَنتُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا الَّذِي آمَنَتْ بِهِ بَنُو إِسْرَ‌ائِيلَ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

آلْآنَ وَقَدْ عَصَيْتَ قَبْلُ وَكُنتَ مِنَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ

فَالْيَوْمَ نُنَجِّيكَ بِبَدَنِكَ لِتَكُونَ لِمَنْ خَلْفَكَ آيَةً ۚ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرً‌ا مِّنَ النَّاسِ عَنْ آيَاتِنَا لَغَافِلُونَ

“And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and the Pharaoh with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said: ‘I believe that none has the right to be worshipped but He Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).’

Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidoon (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.).

So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.).” [Surah Yunus (10) : 90-92]

So, he only believed when he was dying. His repentance was not accepted because Allah says:

وَلَيْسَتِ التَّوْبَةُ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا حَضَرَ‌ أَحَدَهُمُ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ إِنِّي تُبْتُ الْآنَ وَلَا الَّذِينَ يَمُوتُونَ وَهُمْ كُفَّارٌ‌ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ أَعْتَدْنَا لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا

“And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment.” [Surah An-Nisa (4) : 18]

[Note: Repentance just before death is accepted, but not when the process of death has already started (i.e. when the soul is leaving the body).]

So, the one who always worshipped Allah was saved and the one who only submitted at the last minute was destroyed.

Interestingly enough, the part about Pharoah’s “repentance” is mentioned in Surah Yunus, and it is thus named because of the following ayah (verse):

فَلَوْلَا كَانَتْ قَرْ‌يَةٌ آمَنَتْ فَنَفَعَهَا إِيمَانُهَا إِلَّا قَوْمَ يُونُسَ لَمَّا آمَنُوا كَشَفْنَا عَنْهُمْ عَذَابَ الْخِزْيِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَمَتَّعْنَاهُمْ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

“Was there any town (community) that believed (after seeing the punishment), and its Faith (at that moment) saved it (from the punishment)? (The answer is none,) – except the people of Yunus; when they believed, We removed from them the torment of disgrace in the life of the (present) world, and permitted them to enjoy for a while.” [Surah Yunus (10) : 98]

So, the people of Yunus (alaihissalam) are the only ones whose repentance was accepted when they saw the punishment (obviously, this means that it was before the moment of death).

As for why they were the only exceptions, Allah knows Better.

So what am I trying to say?

We need to worship Allah through the year, in Ramadan and outside of it, in times of ease and in times of hardship. That is what will truly benefit us.

تعرف إلى الله في الرخاء يعرفك في الشدة

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Know Allah in times of ease and He will know you in times of hardship.” [Sahih Al-Jaami, Hadeeth No. 2961]

من سره أن يستجيب الله له عند الشدائد والكرب فليكثر الدعاء في الرخاء

Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Whoever wishes that Allah would respond to him during hardship and grief, then let him supplicate plentifully when at ease.” [Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No. 3382. Graded “hasan” by Al-Albani in Sahih Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Hadeeth No. 3382]

Just being a “Ramadan Muslim” is truly of no benefit. So we shouldn’t wait for Ramadan, or for a calamity to strike, in order to start worshipping Allah.


Six (relatively fast) ways to jumpstart your Ramadan preparation…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

So, how can one jumpstart it?

Well, I thought of 6 ways – all of them being things which cause one’s iman (faith) to rise.

If the iman rises, then the deeds increase which in turn causes the iman to rise even further.

So, here’s what I would do to jumpstart things:

[Of course, there are other ways as well.]

1) Do istighfar (seeking forgiveness) and taubah (repentance)

There’s nothing like bad deeds to hold a person back.

And there’s nothing like repentance to get them going again.

2) Attend the circles of knowledge

This one is a real iman booster.

It’s not just the knowledge. It’s also the serene feeling that one gets in these circles. Also, this is where you meet righteous sisters – not in Deira City Centre*.

[*To non-UAEers: This is a positively horrid shopping mall.]

3) Dua (supplication)

Don’t ask Allah. BEG Him.

4) Read the books of tawheed (worshipping Allah alone)

Knowing Allah is the foundation of all good things. And the books of tawheed introduce us to Allah, His Majesty, His Name and His Attributes, His rights over us, etc.

If you want an iman boosting book, pick up a book on tawheed.

5) Think about death.

There’s nothing like death to get the blood rushing (no pun intended).

Just thinking of it should be enough for a person to rush to do good deeds.

6) Take a day off and focus exclusively on your ibaadah (worship)

Busy with lots of stuff? Try to take just ONE day off where you stay at home and essentially focus on your ibaadah.

It really makes a WORLD of difference.

For those who are always around people, if you can try to be alone for that day, then that would be better.

I’ve always noticed that when I have a quiet day to myself (or as much as I can manage, I suppose), I have time to reflect and think. I can also try to work out what to do next. It makes things so much easier.

So, those were my suggestions. What other ways would you recommend to jumpstart one’s Ramadan preparations?


How to make a fresh start – Part 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

[My apologies for the dreadful editing.]

[Here’s Part 1.]

Before I continue with the lessons that I learnt from the hadeeth, I’d like to advise those people who are sought for help in such matters i.e. those who were deemed “suitable” by the people who want to make a fresh start:

a) Being able to keep one’s mouth shut is a great virtue.

Don’t even think about blabbing the person’s secret to anyone, be it your spouse/relatives/close friends/colleagues/anyone.

Remember that this is a trust.

b) Try your best not to give the person what I call the “astaghfirullah treatment”

Many people will say astaghfirullah after every statement, look scandalized at the story and then proceed to scold the person.

You know, I think that sometimes a person might have scolded himself/herself more than anyone else could scold them.

And by the time such people ask for help, they are already near breaking point. What they need is a bit of compassion and loads of encouragement. What they do NOT need is indignant self-righteousness.

Of course, I’m not saying that one should not advise the person and inform them of the warnings mentioned in the shariah pertaining to that action.

However, one needs to be wise and look at the condition of the person. Will mentioning the warnings be helpful at this time? Or would be better to mention the texts which talk about Allah’s vast Mercy?

7) It is an obligation on an individual to know Allah and to know His Attributes.

Many people belittle the study of tawheed (worshipping Allah alone), thinking that there are more important things out there and this is indeed a very wretched way of thinking.

The knowledgeable person is the one who knows Allah and knows His Rights.

And the proof of this from this hadeeth is that the murderer asked for the most knowledgeable people on earth*, and the two who were mentioned a monk and a scholar i.e both were people of religion.

[*He didn’t want to settle for any small time muftis as you can see. He wanted advice from the most knowledgeable person around.]

Knowing and applying tawheed is the difference between Paradise and Hell-fire.

The scholar knew tawheed and so he was able to direct the murderer in a proper manner. The monk did not know much tawheed and therefore almost led the man astray.

Also, tawheed is what saves a person from staying in the Hell-fire forever.

This man, though he was a murder, was on tawheed. How do we know that?

a) Because of his end – he would not have been granted Paradise if had not been on tawheed as Allah says:

إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّـهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا

“Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away.” [Surah An-Nisaa (4) : 116]

This is true for all the nations before us as well.

[Of course, after the advent of the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam), the only way one can correctly practice tawheed is by following the religion of Islam, not any other religion.]

b) He was from Bani Israil – which alludes to the fact that he was on tawheed.

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Amongst the men of Bani Israel there was a man who had murdered ninety-nine persons. [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 4, Hadeeth No. 676]

So, I will repeat what I have said many times on this blog: study tawheed and apply it.

Learning about tawheed was what caused the Sahaabah (radiallahu anhum) to make a fresh start. And look at how fabulously amazing they turned out to be.

Read more »


How to make a fresh start – Part 1

Assalamu Alaikum.

One of the things that we all love about Ramadan is that it allows us to make a fresh start.

There’s just one little problem though: who said that we need to wait until Ramadan to make a fresh start?

Our ummah today has so many problems. Many Muslims are immersed in shirk (the worst of the sins), fornication (and its sisters: pornography and masturbation), anger management issues, family problems, riba (interest), backbiting and tale bearing, etc.

I could go on and on.

We all have issues that we need to straighten out. What are we doing about them though? And what are we supposed to do about them?

We all know that we need to make a fresh start (yes, ALL of us) but how?

Well, there’s a great story that tells us the way to go about doing that:

Abu Said al-Khudri (radiallahu anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) as saying: There was a person before you who had killed ninety-nine people and then made an inquiry about the learned persons of the world (who could show him the way to salvation). He was directed to a monk.

He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine people and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred.

He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: Yes; what stands between you and the repentance? You better go to such and such land; there are people devoted to prayer and worship and you also worship along with them and do not come to the land of yours since it was an evil land (for you).

So he went away and he had hardly covered half the distance when death came to him and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment.

The angels of mercy said: This man has come as a penitent and remorseful to Allah and the angels of punishment said: He has done no good at all. Then there came another angel in the form of a human being in order to decide between them. He said: You measure the land to which he has drawn near.

[Allah commanded the earth (from where) he wanted to come out to move itself away and to the other earth (where he wanted to go) to draw nearer.]

They measured it and found him nearer to the land where he intended to go (the land of piety), and so the angels of mercy took possession of it.

Qatada said that Hasan told him that it was said to them that as death approached him, he crawled upon his chest (and managed) to slip in the land of mercy.

[Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth No. 6662. The addition in brackets is from Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth no. 6664]

Here are the lessons that I* learnt from this story:

[*Just so you don’t think that this is some sort of scholarly analysis.]

1) We need to realise that what we are doing is wrong and we have to WANT to change for the better.

From what I’ve personally seen from many people, this seems to be the number one factor as to why some people are unable to change: they simply don’t want to.

Yes, they might claim they want to change but when they are brought face to face with their issues, they simply ignore it.

This man (i.e. the murderer) wanted to change and make a fresh start and due to this, it was made easy for him.

So, admitting our faults and wanting to improve is the first (and most difficult) step towards starting a new life.

2) It does not matter what the sin is.

The sin of the man was murder. The only sin worse than that is shirk.

Some people think that their sins are too great to be forgiven or that they have done too many bad things.

That’s absolutely false.

Allah forgives all sins if a person sincerely repents from them.

So, don’t worry about what you have done in the past, rather focus on repenting from your sins.

Read more »


Article: Contemplate…then repent

Assalamu Alaikum.

I’m back*.

[*After a one day blogging break due to Internet issues.]

[Note: My apologies for the delay in replying to your comments. I’ll try to do so soon, insha-Allah.]

Here’s an article for us to contemplate over (fittingly entitled “Contemplate”) in our run up to Ramadan (yes, 6 months ahead just like the early generations).

[A little reminder: Please don’t forget to do dua for our brothers and sisters in Egypt. One of my friends told me that the situation is pretty bad there. There are gangs going around looting and killing people.

We should always remember our Muslim brethren and do dua for them. It doesn’t matter if they come from Egypt, Tunisia, Lebanon, China, Pakistan, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan or any other country. They are our family and we are their family, simply because of this wonderful religion that we all share.

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ

“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islشmic religion).” [Surah Al-Hujurat (49) : 10]

Blood may be thicker than water but religion is much thicker than blood.]


Contemplate…then Repent

Shaykh Waseeullaah `Abbaas

In the name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa baraakaatuh.

Noble reader, let us consider some of the verses of the Book of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted):

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah,

{…they are the ones cursed by Allaah and cursed by those who curse.} [2:159]

He then said after this, ‘Except those who repent…’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Most Exalted),

{They will abide therein (Hell). Neither will their torment be lightened, nor will it be delayed or postponed.} [03:88]

He said after this, ‘Except those who repent…’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted),

{Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire; no helper will you find for them.} [04:145]

After this He said, ‘except those who repent…’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted),

{…and a great torment is for them in the Hereafter.} [05:33]

Also contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted),

{Surely, disbelievers are those who said: Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)} [05:73]

He then said after this, ‘Will they not repent to Allaah’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted),

{…and whoever does this shall receive the punishment.} [25:68]

He said after this, ‘Except he who repents…’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah,

{So they will be thrown in Hell.} [19:59]

He then said after it, ‘except he who is repentant’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted),

{…and that My torment is indeed the most painful torment.} [15:50]

He said before it, ‘Truly, I am the Oft-Forgiving, the Most-Merciful.’

*Contemplate the saying of Allaah (the Majestic and Exalted),

{[They] will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.} [85:10]

He said before it, ‘…and then they do not turn in repentance, (to Allaah).’

Great Verses

Allaah (the Glorified and the Most High) said,

{…but whosoever repents after his crime and does righteous good deeds, then verily Allaah will pardon him.} [05:39]

{…and I am indeed Forgiving to him who repents, believes and does righteous good deeds; and then remains constant in doing them.} [20:82]

{…and ask forgiveness of your Lord and turn unto Him in repentance. Verily, my Lord is Most Merciful, Most Loving.} [11:90]

{Truly, Allaah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance} [02:222]

{O you who believe! Turn to Allaah with sincere repentance.} [66:08]

An Invitation…

If only we would account for ourselves…

If only we would answer the call of our Lord…

My noble brother…

Remember the following conditions of repentance:

1 – To give up the sin immediately.

2 – To regret what has happened in the past.

3 – To have a firm resolve not to go back to the sin.


– The door to repentance is open.

– You should know that Allaah is pleased with the repentance of His slave.

– The one who repents from a sin is like the one who has no sins remaining.

– Repentance wipes away that which came before it.

– Whoever leaves something for the sake of Allaah, He replaces it with something better for him.

May Allaah guide us all to every type of goodness.

May he bless us with the lofty Al-Firdaws in Paradise.


Do you not want to be from amongst those whom Allaah loves?

Do you not want Allaah to forgive you?


Lecture: He, who has no one, has Allah

Assalamu Alaikum.

Two lectures in two days, you ask?

Well, that wasn’t the plan but then I came across this lecture and…..whoa.

Whoa? Yes, whoa.

It’s one of those.  You know, the kind which make you think “I’m so glad that I heard this. I’ve been waiting for something like this!”

And I’m still only half way through the lecture……

If you haven’t listened to this already, I HIGHLY recommend that you do so.

Note: It is a very, very, very emotional lecture. Be prepared.

He, who has no one, has Allah by Navaid Aziz



Lecture/Article: Repentance in Ramadan

Assalamu Alaikum.

I think many people dream of being religious one day, or at least that’s what I understood after talking to many sisters.

The key word here is “dream”. Many of us dream. So we think that one day, it will all fall into place and we’ll be great slaves of Allah and we’ll go to Paradise.

Brothers and Sisters, we can’t sin day and night and barely remember Allah  and then expect to get that house in Paradise.

Paradise is earned. And who will earn it? The ones who strove hard for it.

[Note: We do not get into Paradise solely through our good deeds, but rather through the Mercy of Allah.]

Let’s all ask ourselves a few questions:

1) Have we changed at all in the last few years?

-Do we have more tawheed than before?

– Are we more conscious that Allah is watching us?

– Do we pray more?

– Are we more attached to the Quran? Do we apply it more?

– Do we have more knowledge of Islam?

– Do we have better manners?

– Do we give in charity more?

– Are we more modestly dressed than before? [This applies to both men and women.]

– Do we control our tongues more? Do we use them more for the remembrance of Allah or for the remembrance of this worldly life?

– Do we sin less? And if we sin, how long does it take us to ask for Allah’s Forgiveness?

We should all try to ask ourselves in which areas we have improved.

2) If we didn’t change at all or didn’t change much, then why not?

Are we really in it to please Allah? Or are we still worried about what created beings have to say?

Created beings who, like us, fall ill, need to go to the bathroom, will get old and will die (and when buried, will rot in the ground).

Are we attached to them* more than we are to Allah?

[*Them = Spouses, children, family, friends, colleagues, celebrities, you name it.]

And saying “no” doesn’t prove we aren’t. Our actions are what will prove if we are or are not attached to them.

3) When is the time for change going to come?

Allah says:

“Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah’s Reminder (this Quran), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture before (i.e. Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened? And many of them were Faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).” [Surah Al-Hadid (57) :16]

Isn’t it way past time?

Here are two resources that talk about repenting in Ramadan. Don’t we want to be different people in Shawwal than we were in Shaban?

Here’s the article: Repentance in Ramadan.

Repentance in Ramadan by Said Rageah



Assalamu Alaikum.

It seems people have started to prepare for Ramadan – with 15 more days to go.

Alright, here’s another lecture on how to prepare for Ramadan

Preparing for Ramadan by Yasir Qadhi (Download)

What I liked about the lecture: He made some points that I haven’t heard mentioned elsewhere.

What I did not like: He messed up on two points*. But that’s okay. I think he was jet lagged (he sounds tired in the lecture). And everyone has an off-day.

[* This is what I recall. If I made a mistake, please let me know.]

Point # 1: He states that Ramadan is one of the four sacred months.

No, it isn’t. Ramadan is the greatest month of the year (hey, that sounds like a great title for a website) but it is NOT one of the four sacred months. Proof? Here you go:

Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet said (salallahu alaihi wasallam): “The division of time has turned to its original form which was current when Allah created the Heavens and the Earths. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa’ da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab of (the tribe of) Mudar which comes between Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah and Shaban.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 4, Hadeeth No. 419]

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