Skip to content

Posts tagged ‘zakaah’

26
Jul

How to learn about the rules of zakaah in an easy way…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Someone sent me an absolutely marvelous link on zakaah the other day.

It was an interactive e-magazine which explains the fiqh (jurisprudence) of zakaah in an easy way.

If you’re anything like me (i.e. the fiqh of zakaah just goes above your head), then this e-mag is for you:

http://www.islam21c.com/emag/zakat/

Make sure you click on all the links, otherwise you’ll lose out on the “interactive” part of the magazine.

[Note: Zakaah has nothing to do with Ramadan. It’s just that most Muslims seem to pay their zakaah in Ramadan.]

Advertisements
18
Jul

Article: A Brief Guide to Zakaah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Are Zakaah and Ramadan related?

In reality, they are not. [Zakaatul Fitr, which is different from zakaah, IS related to Ramadan though.]

However, many people pay their zakaah in Ramadan (only for some of them to erase the word “charity” from their vocabulary for the next 11 months).

I’ve put up some resources on zakaah before (the search function is very useful, you know).

However, here is a very simple guide to zakaah: A Brief Guide to Zakaah

There are two important issues that people always ask about:

1) How does one pay zakaah on the interest money they earned (which are unlawful earnings obviously) before they repented?

Here’s the fatwa (ruling) of Shaikh Ibn Baz (rahimahullah) on this issue.

2) How does one pay zakaah on money that he has loaned to others?

Here’s the fatwa of Shaikh ibn Uthaimeen (rahimahullah) on this issue.

5
Apr

Project “Recover Ramadan” – Step 17: Remember that zakaah and sadaqah are not limited to Ramadan…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Remember this series? The last part discussed khushoo (humility) in prayer.

Salaah (prayer) is the second pillar of Islam. After this comes the zakaah (the obligatory charity).

[Note: It is zakaah and not zakaat. And while we’re having a language lesson, I’d also like to point out that “namaz” is an Urdu/Farsi/Turkish word, not an Arabic word so could we please stop using it in the English language? Baarakallahu feekum.]

Prayer is the right of Allah, whereas zakaah is the right of the slaves of Allah.

Allah has mentioned salaah and zakaah together 82 times in the Quran (according to Shaikh Saleh Al-Fawzan), thereby showing how intertwined these two really are.

So it’s strange to find people who pray but do not give zakaah. [Of course, it’s even stranger to find people who give zakaah but do not pray!]

If one wants to be a complete Muslim, one should fulfill both the rights of Allah and the rights of creation. Safeguarding one’s prayers and paying the zakaah are the first steps towards that.

I’m completely useless with the fiqh (jurisprudence) of zakaah so I won’t even go there. [I studied it 4 times and it just keeps going above my head.] You may find many resources here though.

However, I’d like to point out the following important points:

1) Zakaah is obligatory but sadaqah (charity) isn’t.

Zakaah is a bit like the five obligatory prayers and sadaqah is a bit like the voluntary prayers, in the sense that you have the obligatory part for everyone and you also have the voluntary part for those that want to go the extra mile.

2) Zakaah is not necessarily due in Ramadan. It is due when one (lunar) year passes on the wealth.

 You might have multiple times where you pay zakaah during the year as you might have zakaah due on different things.

4) Zakaah and Zakaatul fitr are two totally different things.

The former is due after one (lunar) year. The latter is due at the end of Ramadan and is paid in the form of food.

5) Zakaah is not due on everybody. It is only due on those who fulfill the required conditions .

6) The one who doesn’t pay the zakaah out of stinginess is a major sinner. However, the one who doesn’t pay the zakaah because he doesn’t think it it obligatory is a disbeliever.

7) Zakaah can only be given to one of eight categories of people, whereas there is no restriction on who sadaqah can be given to.

Apart from the fasts and the night prayers, what also distinguishes Ramadan from the other months is the brotherhood (which is shown through the zakaah and sadaqah). So we need to extend this brotherhood to the other months as well.

Unfortunately, one of the issues that we’re facing today as an ummah (nation) is that the money flows in during Ramadan and all the people in need get enough.

However, in the other 11 months, the well seems to dry up.

Why is that? Well, I guess it’s the same reason that some people pray only in Ramadan but not outside of it.

The reason is that they don’t understand the Names and Attributes of Allah, nor do they know about His Rights. Due to this, they cheat themselves by only worshipping Him during Ramadan.

So, it is incumbent for the one who is truly sincere in worshipping Allah that he does so 12 months a year, not just one!

So we not only need to work on improving our prayers but we also need to be more consistent in giving charity.

An amazing story of consistency in giving charity would be Shaikh ibn Baz (rahimahullah). I heard that he gave so much charity that he never paid zakaah (because his wealth did not fulfill the conditions as he gave it away before the year passed), subhan Allah.

Insha-Allah, in the next post of this series, I’ll clear up some misunderstandings that people have about charity.

19
Aug

Some resources for the Last Ten Days and Eid

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Yes, they’re almost upon us – the best nights of the year.

No more napping. We need to take some action.

This Ramadan, I haven’t posted many resources because I did that last year.

I thought I would just link to the useful ones:

[All of these link to the post which contains the resource.]

Last Ten Days, Laylatul Qadr, Itikaf, Zakaatul Fitr and Eid

Articles / Books

1) When is Laylatul Qadr? [Don’t forget to read this one!]

2) The Excellence of the Night of Qadr

3) The Last Ten Days of Ramadan

4)  A Guide to the Last Ten Days

5) Why have the Muslims forsaken Itikaaf?

6) Resources for Itikaf – Umm Muawiyah’s very own guide as to what you REALLY need for itikaf.

7) “There is no Itikaf except in the three Masjids”

8) A Book on Zakaatul Fitr

[Note: It seems that some people get confused between Zakaah and Zakaatul Fitr. They are two totally different things.]

9) Resources for Eid

10) Some more Resources for Eid

Lectures

1) Making the Most of the End of Ramadan

2) Focusing on Laylatul Qadr and Itikaaf

3) Rulings and Virtues of Itikaf

4) Zakaatul Fitr – Is it money or food?

Is this the last post for this Ramadan, you ask?

I wish but no. A few more to go, insha-Allah…

28
Mar

Article: Giving charity to the non-Muslims

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Many Muslims get confused between obligatory charity (zakaah) and voluntary charity (sadaqah).

I had previously posted an article that outlined the differences between the two.

One of the differences is that sadaqah can be given to the non-Muslims. In the above post, I had also linked to a fatwa which stated that it was permissible.

Here’s another article that discusses the permissibility of giving sadaqah to non-Muslims. The information is especially useful for those who have poor non-Muslim relatives or those that live in the non-Muslim lands.

[Some of the laypeople deny that it is permissible but this is incorrect. It is only impermissible if they are at war with the Muslims.]

______________________________________________________________

http://www.madeenah.com/article.cfm?id=1347

Giving Charity to the non-Muslims

Shaykh Abdul-Azeez ibn Baaz (rahimahullah)

As for voluntary charity, then there is no problem in giving it to the poor and needy disbeliever who is not involved in any war with us i.e. the one with whom we have safety, security or a contract of peace – there is no problem with this.

Allah (the Majestic & Exalted) said in His Great Book, in Soorah Al-Mumtahina:

{Allaah does not forbid you to be just and kind to those who did not fight against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allaah loves those who deal with equity.} [60:08]

So Allaah (the Glorified & the Most High) informed us that He does not prevent us from this. He said: Allaah does not prevent you from kindness and justice with those who do not fight you nor expel you from your homes. Charity is from amongst the channels of kindness.

Also, the mother [1] of Asmaa bint Abee Bakr As-Siddeeq (May Allaah be pleased with her) came to Madeenah in the days of the truce, seeking charity and aid from her. Asmaa (may Allaah be pleased with her) asked permission from the prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) for this. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) granted her permission to give charity to her and show goodness to her. He said, ((maintain your ties of kinship with her.))

The intent by this is that there is no problem in showing goodness and giving charity to the poor amongst your relatives who are disbelievers or other than your relatives.

This is the case when there is peace between you and them; they live under your security or there exists a contract of safety. As for the one who is fighting against us in a state of war then no, we don’t give them anything, neither a little amount nor a large amount.

As for donating Zakaah to them, then no; it is not given to them [the disbelievers] except those people who [come under the category of those] ‘whose hearts are inclined to Islaam.’

So Zakaah is given to those who we wish to attract [to Islaam] from amongst the influential ones amongst the people, the tribesmen; the people who, if Zakaah was given to them, it is hoped they will accept Islaam and also those who are under their authority will accept Islaam – thereby repelling harm upon the Muslims. This is because these people are the leaders and the influential persons. Zakaah is given to them because Allaah (the Exalted) said in his Great Book,

{As-Sadaqaat (here it means Zakaat) is only for the poor, the needy, those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who are inclined (towards Islaam)} [09:60]

[The category of] those whose hearts we wish to reconcile by giving to them Zakaah includes:

1. The Muslim – the one who is weak in his faith, from the Bedouins or other than them.

2. The Disbeliever – the one who is shown kindness to hoping from him that he will accept Islaam, prevent evil upon the Muslims or that those who are under his authority will accept Islaam. There is nothing wrong with giving Zakaah to this person.

As for the common people from amongst the disbelievers, then they are not to be given any wealth from the Zakaah, but they can be given from charity other than Zakaah and this is because they are in need and poor.


Footnotes:
[1] She was a disbeliever at the time.

2
Sep

Article: Wealth is for Establishment of Prayer and Payment of Zakaah

Assalamu Alaikum.

I know, I know. You’re like “Wealth is for the establishment of prayer?”

I was confused too. Did the author mean building masjids, I wondered?

Nope. He was actually quoting a hadeeth qudsi* with this wording. Subhan Allah.

[This is when the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) says “Allah says….”]

Read the article to find out what this means: Wealth is for Establishment of Prayer and Payment of Zakaah by Shaikh Hussain Al-Awaayishah.

28
Aug

Lecture: Zakaatul Fitr – Is it money or food?

Assalamu Alaikum.

Zakaatul Fitr is a charity that is due at the end of Ramadan. A few points regarding it:

1) It is an obligation according to the majority of scholars.

2) It is paid by the head of the household for ALL those under his care.

3)  It is to be paid in the form of 1 saa (Don’t ask me for the measurement. I always get confused.) of dates, barley, cheese or wheat, according to the majority.

Brother Abu Taubah (in the lecture below) says that it’s an innovation to pay cash instead of money. I wouldn’t go that far because there is a group of scholars (a minority) that say it is allowed. While I don’t agree with them (the evidence doesn’t support their view), I wouldn’t call it a innovation, just a mistaken ijtihaad on their part (in my view).

Unfortunately, the “zakaatul fitr can be money” view is very popular with the laymen although it was NOT the practice of the early generations.

Do people give zakaatul fitr as money because they believe that it is the right view or because it is easier than giving food? Allah knows better.

[I think the cost of 1 saa of rice is something like AED 15. I’d advise all the brothers and sisters to encourage their children to pay it from their own pocket money. This will instill in them a sense of responsibility.]

4) It HAS to be paid before the Eid prayer.

How long before the Eid prayer? Some scholars said any time before Ramadan but many of then said it should be within the last two days and not before that. So it’s best not to pay it too early.

You can delegate someone to do it though. For example, Dar Al Ber offers zakaatul fitr services. If you pay AED 10 or 15 (I can’t remember the amount), they’ll buy the food on your behalf and feed the poor person towards the end of Ramadan.

5) The recipients are the same as the 8 categories of people who can receive zakaah.

6) Like zakaah, it is better to pay it in one’s own place of residence.

I’ll put up some resources on Zakaatul Fitr, insha-Allah.

Here’s the first one:

Zakaatul Fitr – Is it money or food? By Abu Taubah

26
Aug

Article: The difference between Sadaqah and Zakaah

Assalamu Alaikum.

Most people seem to know that the former is recommended and the latter is obligatory but that’s about it.

Here’s a detailed discussion of the differences between the two:

[Note: It says that zakaah cannot be given to a kaafir. That’s correct and there is ijmaa (consensus) on this. However, it is allowed in one case: if they are close to accepting Islam. Please read this fatwa. Sadaqah can be given to the kuffar, by the way.

It can also be obligatory. There was a statement I heard by one Sahaabah (radiallahu anhu) that if the zakaah was not enough to take of the poor, then sadaqah was obligatory. ]

______________________________________________________________

http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/9449

The difference between zakaah and sadaqah

What is the difference between Sadaqa and zakaah ?

Praise be to Allaah.

Zakaah in Arabic means growth, blessing and purification.

See Lisaan al-‘Arab, 14/358;, 2/399

Sadaqah comes from the word sidq (sincerity), i.e. it is a sign of sincerity of faith on the part of the person who gives it.

See Fath al-Qadeer, 2/399

With regard to the shar’i definition:

Zakaah means worshipping Allaah by giving that which He has enjoined of different kinds of zakaah to those who are entitled to them, according to the guidelines prescribed in sharee’ah.

Sadaqah means worshipping Allaah by giving money without that being made obligatory in sharee’ah. The word sadaqah is sometimes used to refer to obligatory zakaah.

Read more »

17
Aug

Article: Is it better to pay zakaah in Ramadan?

Assalamu Alaikum.

Zakaah and Ramadan seem to have become bosom buddies, so much so that some people can’t even imagine giving their zakaah outside of Ramadan.

So what’s the story anyway? Is it really better to pay zakaah in Ramadan?

The following fatwa clarifies the issue:

______________________________________________________________

http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/8400

Is it better to pay zakaah in Ramadaan?

I heard that paying zakaah in Ramadaan is better than paying it in any other month. Is this correct? What is the evidence for that? Please note that the time when zakaah becomes due may be before or after Ramadaan.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly: When a full hijri year has passed and zakaah becomes due, it must be paid, unless it is the zakaah of agricultural crops, which must be paid on the day of harvesting, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“but pay the due thereof (their Zakaah, according to Allaah’s Orders, 1/10th or 1/20th) on the day of their harvest”

[al-An’aam 6:141]

Zakaah must be paid as soon as one full hijri year has passed, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord (Allaah), and Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the earth”

[al-Hadeed 57:21]

Ibn Battaal said:

One should hasten to do good, for things change, death could come at any time, and delaying is not good.

Ibn Hajar said: Someone else added:

It is better in order to free oneself from blame and help others, more pleasing to the Lord and more likely to erase sin.

Fath al-Baari, 3/299.

Secondly: it is not permissible to delay paying zakaah after it has become due, unless one has a valid excuse.

Thirdly: it is permissible to pay zakaah before it is due, by way of hastening it.

Hastening zakaah means paying the zakaah of two years or less, before it is due.

It was narrated from ‘Ali that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked al-‘Abbaas to pay zakaah two years in advance.

(Narrated by Abu ‘Ubayd al-Qaasim ibn Sallaam in al-Amwaal, 1885. Al-Albaani said in al-Irwa’ (3/346): it is hasan)

According to another report:

It was narrated from ‘Ali that al-‘Abbaas asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about paying his zakaah before it was due, and he allowed him to do that. (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 673; Abu Dawood, 1624; Ibn Maajah, 1795; classed as saheeh by Shaykh Ahmad Shaakir in Tahqeeq al-Musnad, 822).

Read more »